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Romance Languages Vocabulary: Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns

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English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
Possessive Adjectives (masc. / fem. / plural) (masc. / fem. / masc. plural / fem. plural) (sing. / pl.) or (masc. / fem. / masc. pl. / fem. pl.) (masc. / fem. / masc. plural / fem. plural)
my mon / ma / mes il mio / la mia / i miei / le mie mi / mis meu / minha / meus / minhas
your (singular, informal) ton / ta / tes il tuo / la tua / i tuoi / le tue tu / tus teu / tua / teus / tuas
your (singular, formal) votre / votre / vos il Suo / la Sua / i Suoi / le Sue su / sus seu / sua / seus / suas
his / her / its son / sa / ses il suo / la sua / i suoi / le sue su / sus seu / sua / seus / suas
our notre / notre / nos il nostro / la nostra / i nostri / le nostre nuestro / nuestra / nuestros / nuestras nosso / nossa / nossos / nossas
your (plural, informal) votre / votre / vos il vostro / la vostra / i vostri / le vostre vuestro / vuestra / vuestros / vuestras vosso / vossa / vossos / vossas
your (plural, formal) votre / votre / vos il Loro / la Loro / i Loro / le Loro su / sus seu / sua / seus / suas
their (masc. & fem.) leur / leur / leurs il loro / la loro / i loro / le loro su / sus seu / sua / seus / suas
Possessive Pronouns (masc. / fem. / masc. plural / fem. plural) or (masc. / fem. / plural) (masc. / fem. / masc. plural / fem. plural) (masc. / fem. / masc. plural / fem. plural) (masc. / fem. / masc. plural / fem. plural)
mine le mien / la mienne / les miens / la miennes il mio / la mia / i miei / le mie mío / mía / míos / mías meu / minha / meus / minhas
yours (singular, informal) le tien / la tienne / les tiens / les tiennes il tuo / la tua / i tuoi / le tue tuyo / tuya / tuyos / tuyas teu / tua / teus / tuas
yours (singular, formal) le vôtre / la vôtre / les vôtres il Suo / la Sua / i Suoi / le Sue suyo / suya / suyos / suyas seu / sua / seus / suas
his / hers / its le sien / la sienne / les siens / les siennes il suo / la sua / i suoi / le sue suyo / suya / suyos / suyas seu / sua / seus / suas
ours le nôtre / la nôtre / les nôtres il nostro / la nostra / i nostri / le nostre nuestro / nuestra / nuestros / nuestras nosso / nossa / nossos / nossas
yours (plural, informal) le vôtre / la vôtre / les vôtres il vostro / la vostra / i vostri / le vostre vuestro / vuestra / vuestros / vuestras vosso / vossa / vossos / vossas
yours (plural, formal) le vôtre / la vôtre / les vôtres il Loro / la Loro / i Loro / le Loro suyo / suya / suyos / suyas seu / sua / seus / suas
theirs (masc. & fem.) le leur / la leur / les leurs il loro / la loro / i loro / le loro suyo / suya / suyos / suyas seu / sua / seus / suas

 

  1. Possessive adjectives agree with the object that is possessed, not the possessor.

  2. French mon, ton, and son are also used before feminine nouns beginning with a vowel or h.

  3. To avoid ambiguity since so many forms are identical, French uses à + stressed pronoun, while Spanish uses de + stressed pronoun following the noun that is possessed.

  4. Portuguese can replace the forms of seu with de + stressed pronoun: dêle, dela, dêles, dela

  5. The phrase da gente is the corresponding possessive to the use of a gente as the familiar subject pronoun meaning we in Portuguese (instead of nós).

  6. Italian and Portuguese possessive pronouns are identical to the possessive adjectives. The definite articles may also be used before the Portugeuse possessives, but they are not required as in Italian. (They are not included in the table above.)

  7. Spanish can also use possessive pronouns as possessive adjectives if they follow the noun instead of preceding it.

 


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