This tutorial was written by Ömer & Mehmet Sener. If you are interested in authentic uses of language, go to Turkish realia for photos taken in Turkey.
Possessive Suffixes in Turkish
To say “my school”, “his car” in Turkish, we add certain suffixes to the word.
anne - mother; mom (ending in a vowel)
|annem||my mother||annemiz||our mother|
|annen||your mother (singular)||anneniz||your mother (plural)|
|annesi||his/her/its mother||anneleri||their mother|
Possessive suffixes follow the rules of Vowel Harmony. The construction is quite similar to the suffix “to be”.
For the suffixes “my” and “your”, words ending in a vowel get –m and –n respectively, without the need of an additional vowel.
āile >> āile+m >> āilem “my family”
araba >> araba+m >> arabam “my car”
If the last vowel (or the only vowel) of the word is a or ı, then the vowel of the suffix is ı.
araba >> araba+mız >> arabamız “our car”
If the last vowel (or the only vowel) of the word is o or u, then the vowel of the suffix is u.
uyku >> uyku+su>> uykusu “his/her/its sleep”
If the last vowel (or the only vowel) of the word is e or i, then the vowel of the suffix is i.
kedi >> kedi+niz >> kediniz “your cat” (plural)
If the last vowel (or the only vowel) of the word is ö or ü, then the vowel of the suffix is ü.
türkü >> türkü+müz >> türkümüz “our folk song”
The suffix for “their” is either –ları or –leri, depending on the last vowel of the word being an A-undotted vowel or an E-dotted vowel.
arabaları “their car(s)”
ev - house (ending in a consonant)
|evim||my house||evimiz||our house|
|evin||your house (singular)||eviniz||your house (plural)|
|evi||his/her/its house||evleri||their house|
When the word ends in a consonant, a vowel is added before the suffix. This is the same vowel with the one in the suffix, as can be seen in the examples below.
ev >> ev + i + miz >> evimiz “our house”
köy >> köy + ü + nüz >> köyünüz “your village” (plural)
If the word ends in a consonant, the letter s is omitted from the suffix for “his/her/its”.
at >> at + ı >> atı “his/her/its horse”
· The suffix for “their” –leri/–ları remains unchanged even if the word ends in a consonant.
If you enjoy the tutorials, then please consider buying French, Informal French, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, or Dutch Language Tutorials as a PDF e-book with free mp3s and free lifetime updates.Buy French Tutorial
Please consider sending a donation of any amount to help support ielanguages.com. Thank you!
FluentU offers authentic videos in French, Spanish, German, English, Chinese and Japanese. Learn from captions and translations and enjoy access to ALL languages!
Learn Spanish, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and English with authentic videos by Yabla that include subtitles and translations.
Learn to read languages with interlinear bilingual books that include the original language and an English translation below in a smaller font.
Hundreds of free and paid online language learning video courses at Udemy. By native speakers and experts, from Arabic to Zulu.