Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Have (avoir / avere / haber / haver)

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Spanish and Portuguese both have two verbs meaning have in English. In Spanish, haber is the verb used as the auxiliary verb in perfect tenses to mean have/had (followed by the past participle), while tener is used to show possession (to have, to own, to possess). Haber is also the verb used to express there is/are (hay) and there was/were (había). In Portuguese, the verb haver can be used in the perfect tenses, but ter is used much more often. Haver can be used to express there is/are/was/were/etc., but ter is preferred, especially in Brazil. Go to conjugations of tener / ter.

English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to have avoir avere haber haver
         
Present ai ho he hei
  as hai has hás
  a ha ha
  avons abbiamo hemos hemos
  avez avete habéis heis
  ont hanno han hão
 
Imperfect avais avevo había havia
  avais avevi habías havias
  avait aveva había havia
  avions avevamo habíamos havíamos
  aviez avevate habíais havíeis
  avaient avevano habían haviam
 
Preterite / Simple Past eus ebbi hube houve
(rare in French or Italian speech) eus avesti hubiste houveste
  eut ebbe hubo houve
  eûmes avemmo hubimos houvemos
  eûtes aveste hubisteis houvestes
  eurent ebbero hubieron houveram
         
Future aurai avrò habré haverei
  auras avrai habrás haverás
  aura avrà habrá haverá
  aurons avremo habremos haveremos
  aurez avrete habréis havereis
  auront avranno habrán haverão
 
Conditional aurais avrei habría haveria
  aurais avresti habrías haverias
  aurait avrebbe habría haveria
  aurions avremmo habríamos haveríamos
  auriez avreste habríais haveríeis
  auraient avrebbero habrían haveriam
 
Present Subjunctive aie abbia haya haja
  aies abbia hayas hajas
  ait abbia haya haja
  ayons abbiamo hayamos hajamos
  ayez abbiate hayáis hajais
  aient abbiano hayan hajam
 
Imperfect Subjunctive eusse avessi hubiera houvesse
(rare in French speech) eusses avessi hubieras houvesses
(alternative Spanish below) eût avesse hubiera houvesse
  eussions avessimo hubiéramos houvéssemos
  eussiez aveste hubierais houvésseis
  eussent avessero hubieran houvessem
 
Future Subjunctive hubiere houver
(rare in Spanish speech) hubieres houveres
(no French or Italian) hubiere houver
  hubiéremos houvermos
  hubiereis houverdes
  hubieren houverem
 
Affirmative Imperative
Singular familiar you aie abbi he
Singular formal you ayez abbia haya haja
Let's... ayons abbiamo hayamos hajamos
Plural familiar you ayez abbiate habed havei
Plural formal you ayez abbiano hayan hajam
 
Negative Imperative
Singular familiar you n'aie pas non avere no hayas não hajas
Singular formal you n'ayez pas non abbia no haya não haja
Let's not... n'ayons pas non abbiamo no hayamos não hajamos
Plural familiar you n'ayez pas non abbiate no hayáis não hajais
Plural formal you n'ayez pas non abbiano no hayan não hajam
 
Gerund ayant avendo habiendo havendo
Present Participle ayant avente habiendo havendo
Past Participle eu avuto habido havido
         
Auxiliary verb in perfect tenses avoir avere haber ter

 

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

hubiera / hubiese
hubieras / hubieses
hubiera / hubiese
hubiéramos / hubiésemos
hubierais / hubieseis
hubieran / hubiesen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)

houvera
houveras
houvera
houvéramos
houvéreis
houveram

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.

haver
haveres
haver
havermos
haverdes
haverem

 

 


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