These charts include verb conjugations in French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese, with columns that can be re-arranged to change the order of the languages as well as the option to hide/show languages. Tenses and moods include simple present indicative, imperfect indicative, preterite indicative, future indicative, conditional, present subjunctive, imperfect subjunctive, future subjunctive (Spanish and Portuguese only), affirmative and negative imperative, gerund, present participle, past participle, and the auxiliary verb used in the perfect tenses. The alternative imperfect subjunctive forms in Spanish (using -se- instead of -ra-), the simple past perfect (pluperfect) in Portuguese, and the personal infinitive in Portuguese are also given below the main conjugation chart.
If you have any corrections or additions (including other Romance languages), please e-mail me at ielanguages [at] gmail [dot] com. If you are looking for comparative vocabulary lists, please go to Romance Vocabulary. Comparative lists are also available for Germanic Languages, for both vocabulary and verb conjugations.
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Conjugations are given in the six forms: 1st person singular, 2nd person singular, 3rd person singular, 1st person plural, 2nd person plural, and 3rd person plural. Perfect / compound tenses are not included since they are easily formed by using the auxiliary verb in the correct tense plus a past participle:
|compound tense||tense of auxiliary verb|
|present perfect indicative||present indicative|
|past perfect (pluperfect) indicative||imperfect indicative|
|preterite perfect indicative||preterite indicative|
|future perfect indicative||future indicative|
|present perfect conditional||present conditional|
|present perfect subjunctive||present subjunctive|
|past perfect (pluperfect) subjunctive||past (imperfect) subjunctive|
|future perfect subjunctive||future subjunctive|
The imperative forms correspond to the following persons/pronouns in each language:
|Singular familiar you||tu||tu||tú||tu|
|Singular formal you||vous||Lei||usted||você|
|Plural familiar you||vous||voi||vosotros||vós|
|Plural formal you||vous||loro||ustedes||vocês|
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