Romance Languages Verb Conjugations: Be

Learn the verb be in French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese (être, essere, ser)

     

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French Italian Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive être essere ser ser
         
Present suis sono soy sou
es sei eres és
est è es é
sommes siamo somos somos
êtes siete sois sois
sont sono son são
         
Imperfect étais ero era era
étais eri eras eras
était era era era
étions eravamo éramos éramos
étiez eravate erais éreis
étaient erano eran eram
         
Preterite / Simple Past fus fui fuí fui
(rare in French or Italian speech) fus fosti fuiste foste
  fut fu fué foi
  fûmes fummo fuimos fomos
  fûtes foste fuisteis fostes
  furent furono fueron foram
         
Future serai sarò seré serei
seras sarai serás serás
sera sarà será será
serons saremo seremos seremos
serez sarete seréis sereis
seront saranno serán serão
         
Conditional serais sarei sería seria
serais saresti serías serias
serait sarebbe sería seria
serions saremmo seríamos seríamos
seriez sareste serías seríeis
seraient sarebbero serían seriam
         
Present Subjunctive sois sia sea seja
sois sia seas sejas
soit sia sea seja
soyons siamo seamos sejamos
soyez siate seáis sejais
soient siano sean sejam
         
Imperfect Subjunctive fusse fossi fuera / fuese fosse
(rare in French speech) fusses fossi fueras / fueses fosses
  fût fosse fuera / fuese fosse
  fussions fossimo fuéramos / fuésemos fôssemos
  fussiez foste fuerais / fueseis fôsseis
  fussent fossero fueran / fuesen fossem
         
Future Subjunctive     fuere for
(rare in Spanish speech)     fueres fores
    fuere for
    fuéremos formos
    fuereis fordes
    fueren forem
 
Affirmative Imperative
Singular Familiar sois sii
Singular Formal soyez sia sea seja
Let's... soyons siamo seamos sejamos
Plural familiar you soyez siate sed sede
Plural formal you soyez siano sean sejam
 
Negative Imperative
Singular familiar you ne sois pas non essere no seas não sejas
Singular formal you ne soyez pas non sia no sea não seja
Let's not... ne soyons pas non siamo no seamos não sejamos
Plural Familiar ne soyez pas non siate no seáis não sejais
Plural Formal ne soyez pas non siano no sean não sejam
         
Gerund / Present Participle étant essendo / essente siendo sendo
Past Participle été stato sido sido
         
Auxiliary verb in perfect tenses avoir essere haber ter

 


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