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Depending on the verb tense, the Italian verb dovere can have many meanings in English:
|present||to owe||Ti devo quindici euro.
I owe you fifteen euros.
|present / imperfect||to be supposed to||Dovevano arrivare oggi.
They were supposed to arrive today.
|present + infinitive||to have to, must||Maria deve affittare la sua casa.
Maria has to rent out her house.
|present perfect + infinitive||had to||Abbiamo dovuto aspettare
tante ore, ma è valsa la pena.
We had to wait several hours, but it was worth it.
|future||will have to||Ci dovrà andare alle undici.
He will have to go there at eleven.
|conditional||should, ought to||Dovrei leggere tutto il libro?
Should I read the entire book?
|past conditional||should have, ought to have||Avreste dovuto vedere il film ieri sera.
You should have watched the movie last night.
|present + essere||must be, is probably||Deve essere malato.
He must be sick.
|present perfect / imperfect + essere||must have been, was probably||Hanno dovuto essere a scuola.
They must have been at school.
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