If you're interested in buying books to supplement your Italian studies, I've recommended some books from Amazon. Need even more Italian? Try the Italian courses at Udemy, the authentic videos with subtitles and translations at Yabla Italian, and the audio and video lessons at ItalianPod101.com
Buy Italian Language Tutorial as a PDF e-book! Italian Language Tutorial includes a complete vocabulary and grammar review of the Italian language (much more than what is available online),with realia photos of the Italian language taken in Italy. The PDF e-book and mp3s - including nearly three hours of recordings by three native speakers - are available for immediate download with FREE lifetime updates. Thank you for supporting ielanguages.com! Download the first ten pages of Italian Language Tutorial (including the table of contents).
To download the mp3s, please purchase Italian Language Tutorial.
All nouns in Italian have a gender (masculine or feminine) and the articles must agree with the gender. Masculine words generally end in -o and feminine words generally end in -a. Words that end in -e may be either, so you will just have to memorize the gender. Keep in mind that articles are used before nouns or before an adjective + a noun.
|il||eel||sing., before consonants||la||lah||sing., before consonants|
|lo||low||sing., before z, gn, ps, or s + cons.|
|l'||l||sing., before vowels||l'||l||sing., before vowels|
|i||ee||plural, before consonants||le||leh||plural, before consonants and vowels|
|gli||lyee||plural, before vowels, z, gn, or s + cons.|
|A, An||un||oon||before consonant or vowel||una||oon-ah||before consonants|
|uno||oon-oh||before z, gn, ps, or s + consonant||un'||oon||before vowels|
|Some||dei||day||before consonants||delle||dell-eh||before vowels and consonants|
|degli||deh-lyee||before vowels, z, gn, or s + cons.|
|This and these|
|Masc.||questo||questi||before a consonant|
|quest'||questi||before a vowel|
|Fem.||questa||queste||before a consonant|
|quest'||queste||before a vowel|
That and those
|Masc.||quel||quei||before a consonant|
|quell'||quegli||before a vowel|
|quello||quegli||before z, gn, or s + consonant|
|Fem.||quella||quelle||before a consonant|
|quell'||quelle||before a vowel|
If you use that and those as a subject, use these four forms: quello for masculine singular, quella for feminine singular, quelli for masculine plural, and quelle for feminine plural.
If a word is masculine singular, change the last letter to an i. If a word is feminine singular, change the last letter to an e if it ends in a, or if it ends in e, change it to an i.
Singular to Plural Nouns
Words ending in -io can either change the o to i, or just simply drop the o to form the plural. When the -i of -io is stressed, the plural is -ii; however, most words ending in -io do not stress the -i, and so their plurals are formed by dropping the o. Compare: lo zio - gli zii and il figlio - i figli.
Some nouns ending in -co and -go may or may not insert an h before changing the o to i. There is no general rule for it. All nouns ending in -ca and -ga insert an h before changing the a to e. Nouns ending in an accented vowel do not change for the plural. (la città (city) becomes le città) There are some masculine nouns that end -a, and these nouns change the -a to -i in the plural: il programma, il poeta, il pianete, il pilota, il poema, il sistema. The plural of l'uomo (man) is gli uomini, while the plural of la mano (hand) is le mani.
If you enjoy the tutorials, then please consider buying French, Informal French, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, or Dutch Language Tutorials as a PDF e-book with free mp3s and free lifetime updates.Buy French Tutorial
Please consider sending a donation of any amount to help support ielanguages.com. Thank you!
FluentU offers authentic videos in French, Spanish, German, English, Chinese and Japanese. Learn from captions and translations and enjoy access to ALL languages!
Learn Spanish, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and English with authentic videos by Yabla that include subtitles and translations.
Learn to read languages with interlinear bilingual books that include the original language and an English translation below in a smaller font.
Hundreds of free and paid online language learning video courses at Udemy. By native speakers and experts, from Arabic to Zulu.