German Reflexive Verbs

How to conjugate reflexive verbs in German

German flag  Austrian flag  Swiss flag  Liechenstein flag

Need more German? Try the German courses at Udemy, the videos with subtitles and translations at Yabla German and FluentU, the audio and video lessons at GermanPod101.com, and the German Interlinear book with English translations

Learn German phrases, vocabulary, and grammar online for free with audio recordings by native speakers - ielanguages.com Buy German Language Tutorial as a PDF e-book! German Language Tutorial includes a vocabulary and grammar review of the German language, with German realia photos taken in Germany and Austria so you can see how the language is used in real life. The PDF e-book and 127 mp3s recorded by two native speakers (most of which are not online) are available for immediate download with FREE lifetime updates. Thank you for supporting ielanguages.com! Download the first ten pages of German Language Tutorial (including the table of contents).

Buy German Language Tutorial


If you'd like to download the mp3s, please purchase German Language Tutorial.

German Reflexive Verbs

Reflexive verbs express an action that reciprocates back to the subject. In other words, whoever is speaking is doing an action to himself. Examples in English would be: I wash myself, he hurts himself, we hate ourselves. Usually the -self words are a clue in English; however, there are more reflexive verbs in German than in English.

Reflexive Pronouns
Accusative Dative
mich uns mir uns
dich euch dir euch
sich sich sich sich

The reflexive pronoun follows the verb and agrees with the subject. When a clause contains another object besides the reflexive pronoun, then the reflexive pronoun is in the dative case since the other object is in the accusative case. This is when you use the dative reflexive pronouns instead of the accusative ones.

Accusative: Ich fühle mich nicht wohl - I don't feel well.

Dative: Ich ziehe mir den Mantel aus - I'm taking off my coat.

Also note that parts of the body and articles of clothing use the definite article, not a possessive.  

Reflexive Verbs
sich ärgern to get angry sich aufregen to get agitated
sich ausruhen to rest sich erkälten to catch a cold
sich freuen to be happy sich (wohl) fühlen to feel (well)
sich hinlegen to lie down sich anziehen to get dressed
sich verletzen to get hurt sich ausziehen to get undressed
sich beeilen to hurry sich setzen to sit down
sich erholen to relax sich vorstellen to imagine

Reflexive Verbs + Accusative:
sich ärgern über to get annoyed about
sich erinnern an to remember
sich freuen über to be happy about
sich freuen auf to look forward to
sich gewöhnen an to get used to
sich kümmern um to take care of
sich bewerben um to apply for
sich interessieren für to be interested in
sich konzentrieren auf to concentrate on
sich vorbereiten auf to prepare for
sich entscheiden für to decide on
sich verlieben in to fall in love with
Reflexive Verbs + Dative:
sich trennen von to break up with
sich erkundigen nach to ask about
sich fürchten vor to be afraid of

 


 

German Phrases, Vocabulary and Grammar with free audio



Buy ielanguages.com language tutorials

If you enjoy the tutorials, then please consider buying French, Informal French, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, or Dutch Language Tutorials as a PDF e-book with free mp3s and free lifetime updates.

Buy French Tutorial

Buy Informal French

Both French e-books

Buy Italian Tutorial

Buy Spanish Tutorial

Buy German Tutorial

Buy Swedish Tutorial

Buy Dutch Tutorial





Please consider sending a donation of any amount to help support ielanguages.com. Thank you!

Donate




Return to top of page






Learn languages with videos and subtitles at FluentU

FluentU offers authentic videos in French, Spanish, German, English, Chinese and Japanese. Learn from captions and translations and enjoy access to ALL languages!

Learn languages with videos and subtitles at Yabla

Learn Spanish, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and English with authentic videos by Yabla that include subtitles and translations.



Learn languages by reading Interlinear Books

Learn to read languages with interlinear bilingual books that include the original language and an English translation below in a smaller font.

Udemy Language Learning Courses

Hundreds of free and paid online language learning video courses at Udemy. By native speakers and experts, from Arabic to Zulu.






© Copyright 1997 - 2016 by Dr. Jennifer Wagner About | Contact | Blog | Blog RSS | Affiliate Program | Disclaimer | Privacy Policy