The present participle is the equivalent of –ing. In Icelandic add –ndi to the infinitive. For example hafa (to have) becomes hafandi (having).
The other participle in Icelandic is the past participle, and this is slightly more complex:
The –a verb group add –að (tala – talað)
The –i group add –t (reykja – reykt)
The other verbs end in –ið and undergo a vowel shift.
E changes to a
Y or ý changes to u or ú
Í changes to I
Jó, jú, ú, e change to o
This vowel shift is very irregular and the above is only a rough guide. There are far too many exceptions to cater for.
If you enjoy the tutorials, then please consider buying French, Informal French, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, or Dutch Language Tutorials as a PDF e-book with free mp3s and free lifetime updates.Buy French Tutorial
Please consider sending a donation of any amount to help support ielanguages.com. Thank you!
FluentU offers authentic videos in French, Spanish, German, English, Chinese and Japanese. Learn from captions and translations and enjoy access to ALL languages!
Learn Spanish, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and English with authentic videos by Yabla that include subtitles and translations.
Learn to read languages with interlinear bilingual books that include the original language and an English translation below in a smaller font.
Hundreds of free and paid online language learning video courses at Udemy. By native speakers and experts, from Arabic to Zulu.