Swedish Irregular Verbs

Learn irregular conjugations of verbs in Swedish

Swedish Flag

Need more Swedish? Try the audio and video lessons at SwedishPod101.com, the Conversational Swedish course at Udemy, and the Interlinear Swedish book with English translations under the Swedish text


Learn Swedish phrases, vocabulary, and grammar online for free with audio recordings by native speakers - ielanguages.com Buy Swedish Language Tutorial as a PDF e-book! Swedish Language Tutorial includes a vocabulary and grammar review of the Swedish language, authentic Swedish listening resources with line-by-line transcriptions and English translations (which are not available online), and Swedish realia photos taken in Sweden so you can see how the language is used in real life. The PDF e-book and mp3s - including more than 20 spontaneous Swedish recordings - are available for immediate download with FREE lifetime updates. Download the first ten pages of Swedish Language Tutorial (including the table of contents).

Buy Swedish Language Tutorial


If you'd like to download the mp3s, please purchase Swedish Language Tutorial.

Swedish Irregular Verbs

Several verbs in Swedish are considered irregular because they do not follow the rules for the different conjugations. These forms need to be memorized since these verbs are very common.

Infinitive Imperative Present Past Supine Translation
vara var är var varit be
ha ha har hade haft have
komma kom kommer kom kommit come
göra gör gör gjorde gjort do, make
ta ta, tag tar tog tagit take
säga säg säger sa, sade sagt say
veta vet vet visste vetat know
låta låt låter lät låtit let
hålla håll håller höll hållit hold
heta het heter hette hetat be called
åka åk åker åkte åkt go
resa res reser reste rest travel
bära bär bär bar burit carry
dra dra, drag drar drog dragit pull, drag
ligga ligg ligger låg legat lie (down)
lägga lägg lägger la, lade lagt put
sätta sätt sätter satte satt put
slå slå slår slog slagit hit
falla fall faller föll fallit fall
äta ät äter åt ätit eat
sova sov sover sov sovit sleep
stjäla stjäl stjäler stal stulit steal
gråta gråt gråter grät gråtit cry
sälja sälj säljer sålde sålt sell
välja välj väljer valde valt choose
vänja vänj vänjer vande vant accustom
svälja svälj sväljer svalde svalt swallow
skilja skilj skiljer skilde skilt separate


Some -er verbs (and never -ar verbs) have irregular simple past and supine forms. Sometimes these involve a vowel change and lack of ending.

Infinitive Past Supine Translations
binda band bundit to bind / bound / bound
brinna brann brunnit to burn / burned / burned
dricka drack druckit to drink / drank / drunk
finna fann funnit to find / found / found
försvinna försvann försvunnit to disappear / disappeared / disappeared
hinna hann hunnit to manage / managed / managed
rinna rann runnit to run, flow / ran, flowed / run, flowed
sitta satt suttit to sit / sat / sat
slippa slapp sluppit to get out of / got out of / gotten out of
spricka sprack spruckit to split / split / split
springa sprang sprungit to run / ran / run
sticka stack stuckit to stick / stuck / stuck
vinna vann vunnit to win / won / won
bita bet bitit to bite / bit / bitten
gripa grep gripit to grip / gripped / gripped
lida led lidit to suffer / suffered / suffered
rida red ridit to ride / rode / ridden
skina sken skinit to shine / shone / shone
skriva skrev skrivit to write / wrote / written
slita slet slitit to wear out / wore out / worn out
stiga steg stigit to rise / rose / risen
tiga teg tigit to be silent / was silent / been silent
vrida vred vridit to turn / turned / turned
bjuda bjöd bjudit to invite / invited / invited
ljuga ljög ljugit to lie / lied / lied (to tell a lie)
sjunga sjöng sjungit to sing / sang / sung
skjuta sköt skjutit to shoot / shot / shot
bryta bröt brutit to break / broke / broken
flyga flög flugit to fly / flew / flown
flyta flöt flutit to float / floated / floated
frysa frös frusit to freeze / froze / frozen
knyta knöt knutit to tie up / tied up / tied up
krypa kröp krupit to crawl / crawled / crawled

A few infinitives in Swedish do not end in -a. These are short verbs and they end in a long, stressed vowel. The infinitive is the same as the imperative, and the present tense is formed by adding -r. The past tense if formed by adding -dde to the infinitive, and the supine is formed by adding -tt to the infinitive. However, a few of the short verbs have an irregular form in the past.

 

Infinitive / Imperative Present Tense Past Tense Supine Translation
Short verbs with a regular past:
tro tror trodde trott believe, think
ske sker skedde skett happen
når nådde nått reach
bo bor bodde bott live (dwell)
mår mådde mått feel (of health)
klä klär klädde klätt dress
Short verbs with an irregular past:
får fick fått get, receive
går gick gått go, walk
ge ger gav gett give
se ser såg sett see
dör dog dött die
stå står stod stått stand
be ber bad bett ask, pray

 


Learn Swedish with SwedishPod101.com 


Swedish Phrases, Vocabulary, and Grammar with free audio



Buy ielanguages.com language tutorials

If you enjoy the tutorials, then please consider buying French, Informal French, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, or Dutch Language Tutorials as a PDF e-book with free mp3s and free lifetime updates.

Buy French Tutorial

Buy Informal French

Both French e-books

Buy Italian Tutorial

Buy Spanish Tutorial

Buy German Tutorial

Buy Swedish Tutorial

Buy Dutch Tutorial





Please consider sending a donation of any amount to help support ielanguages.com. Thank you!

Donate




Return to top of page






Learn languages with videos and subtitles at FluentU

FluentU offers authentic videos in French, Spanish, German, English, Chinese and Japanese. Learn from captions and translations and enjoy access to ALL languages!

Learn languages with videos and subtitles at Yabla

Learn Spanish, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and English with authentic videos by Yabla that include subtitles and translations.



Learn languages by reading Interlinear Books

Learn to read languages with interlinear bilingual books that include the original language and an English translation below in a smaller font.

Udemy Language Learning Courses

Hundreds of free and paid online language learning video courses at Udemy. By native speakers and experts, from Arabic to Zulu.






© Copyright 1997 - 2016 by Dr. Jennifer Wagner About | Contact | Blog | Blog RSS | Affiliate Program | Disclaimer | Privacy Policy