Need more Indonesian? Try the audio and video lessons at IndonesianPod101.com
Indonesian does not have articles, but we have different ways to say 'a/an/some' and 'the' for person/s, thing/s, or animal/s.
The rule is to add 'se' (which means one, a/an) plus a special word.
Persons: beberapa orang
Things: beberapa buah
Animals: beberapa ekor
Kakakku adalah seorang guru - My sister/brother is a teacher
Saya mempunyai beberapa ekor kelinci - I have some rabbits
*Notice: beberapa ekor kelinci >> 'beberapa' showed the plural form, so you don't have to say 'beberapa ekor kelinci-kelinci'
There are several other indefinite articles. They are specialized:
Secarik/selembar kertas a (piece of) paper
Sebutir telur an egg
Sebulir air mata a tear (liquid comes from the eye)
Sepotong roti a (piece of) bread
Setetes air a dip of water
Actually there are still lots of articles like these, but these are the most common.
Indonesian singular and plural nouns are easy to recognize:
buku a book
buku-buku some books
komputer a computer
komputer-komputer some computers
But be careful; repeated words not only express plural form, but they also mean other things. Sometimes, prefixes/suffixes/circumfixes are added, or the letters/sound are changed.
|look-a-like||mobil-mobilan||not a real car; just a car toy||mobil: car|
|frequency||memukul-mukul||to hit a few times||pukul: to hit|
|reciprocal||berpandang-pandangan||to gaze at each other||pandang: to gaze|
|slightly||kemerah-merahan||nearly red; pink-red||merah: red|
Actually there are some other functions of the repeated words, but since we need more knowledge about the language (even we Indonesians still have to study about these forms), I decided not to give them yet. But if you find any Indonesian sentences that you feel difficult to translate, just send me an e-mail at vremita_desectia [at] yahoo.com and I'll contact you.
If you enjoy the tutorials, then please consider buying French, Informal French, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, or Dutch Language Tutorials as a PDF e-book with free mp3s and free lifetime updates.Buy French Tutorial
Please consider sending a donation of any amount to help support ielanguages.com. Thank you!
FluentU offers authentic videos in French, Spanish, German, English, Chinese and Japanese. Learn from captions and translations and enjoy access to ALL languages!
Learn Spanish, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and English with authentic videos by Yabla that include subtitles and translations.
Learn to read languages with interlinear bilingual books that include the original language and an English translation below in a smaller font.
Hundreds of free and paid online language learning video courses at Udemy. By native speakers and experts, from Arabic to Zulu.