Germanic Languages Comparative Vocabulary: Possessive Adjectives & Pronouns

Learn the possessive adjectives and pronouns in German, Dutch, and Afrikaans

   

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English German Dutch Afrikaans
my mein / meine mijn my
your (sing, inf) dein / deine jouw (je) jou
your (sing, for) Ihr / Ihre uw u
his sein / seine zijn sy
her ihr / ihre haar haar
its sein / seine zijn sy
our unser / unsere ons / onze ons
your (plur, inf) euer / eure jullie (je) julle (jul)
your (plur, for) Ihr / Ihre uw u
their ihr / ihre hun hulle (hul)
       
mine mein / meine de / het mijne myne
yours (sing, inf) dein / deine de / het jouwe joune
yours (sing, for) Ihr / Ihre de / het uwe u s'n
his sein / seine de / het zijne syne
hers ihr / ihre de / het hare hare
its sein / seine de / het zijne syne
ours unser / unsere de / het onze ons s'n
yours (plur, inf) euer / eure van jou julle s'n
yours (plur, for) Ihr / Ihre de / het uwe u s'n
theirs ihr / ihre de / het hunne hulle s'n

 

German possessive adjectives must change according to gender, number and case. The forms given above are masculine and neuter nominative / feminine and plural nominative.

In Dutch, ons is used with singular neuter nouns, and onze is used with singular common nouns and all plural nouns. The words in parentheses in Dutch and Afrikaans are the unstressed forms found in informal speech and writing.

Notice that the definite article is required for Dutch possessive pronouns and that there is no possessive pronoun corresponding to the adjective jullie. The phrase van jou is used instead (literally, of you).



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