German Countries and Nationalities

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German Countries and Nationalities

Africa Afrika Ireland Irland
African Afrikaner/in Irishman Ire/Irin
Albania Albanien Israel Israel
Albanian Albaner/in Israeli Israeli
America Amerika Hebrew Hebräisch
American Amerikaner/in Italy Italien
Argentina Argentinien Italian Italiener/in
Argentine Argentinier/in Japan Japan
Asia Asien Japanese Japaner/in
Asian Asiat/in Latvia Lettland
Australia Australien Latvian Lette/Lettin
Australian Australier/in Lithuania Litauen
Austria Österreich Lithuanian Litauer/in
Austrian Österreicher/in Luxembourg Luxemburg
Belgium Belgien Luxembourger Luxemburger/in
Belgian Belgier/in Macedonia Mazedonien
Bosnia Bosnien Macedonian Mazedonier/in
Bosnian Bosnier/in Malta Malta
Brazil Brasilien Maltese Malteser/in
Brazilian Brasilianer/in Mexico Mexiko
Bulgaria Bulgarien Mexican Mexikaner/in
Bulgarian Bulgare/Bulgarin Netherlands die Niederlande
Canada Kanada Dutch Holländer/in
Canadian Kanadier/in New Zealand Neuseeland
China China New Zealander Neuseeländer/in
Chinese Chinese/Chinesin Norway Norwegen
Croatia Kroatien Norwegian Norweger/in
Croatian Kroate/Kroatin Poland Polen
Cyprus Zypern Polish Pole/Polin
Cypriot Zypriot/in Portugal Portugal
Czech Republic die Tschechische Republik Portuguese Portugiese/Portugiesin
Czech Tscheche/Tschechin Romania Rumänien
Denmark Dänemark Romanian Rumäne/Rumänin
Danish Däne/Dänin Russia Russland
Egypt Ägypten Russian Russe/Russin
Egyptian Ägypter/in Scotland Schottland
England England Scottish Schotte/Schottin
English Engländer/in Serbia Serbien
Estonia Estland Serbian Serbe/Serbin
Estonian Este/Estin Slovakia die Slowakei
Europe Europa Slovak Slowake/Slowakin
European Europäer/in Slovenia Slowenien
Finland Finnland Slovene Slowene/Slowenin
Finnish Finne/Finnin South Africa Südafrika
France Frankreich South African Südafrikaner/in
French Franzose/Französin Spain Spanien
Germany Deutschland Spanish Spanier/in
German Deutscher/Deutsche Sweden Schweden
Great Britain Großbritannien Swedish Schwede/in
British Brite/Britin Switzerland die Schweiz
Greece Griechenland Swiss Schweizer/in
Greek Grieche/Griechin Turkey die Türkei
Hungary Ungarn Turk Türke/Türkin
Hungarian Ungar/in Ukraine die Ukraine
Iceland Island Ukrainian Ukrainer/in
Icelandic Isländer/in United Kingdom Vereinigtes Königreich
India Indien United States die Vereinigten Staaten
Indian Inder/in Wales Wales
Indonesia Indonesien Welsh Waliser/in
Indonesian Indonesier/in

Female nationalities add -in to the masculine nationality but some need to delete the final -e before adding -in. A few nationalities are slightly irregular or have spelling changes: Deutscher (German man), Deutsche (German woman), Franzose (Frenchman), Französin (Frenchwoman)

To form the adjective, use the masculine nationality stem and add -isch: amerikanisch, belgisch, griechisch, polnisch, schwedisch, etc. Some are slightly irregular: deutsch, englisch, französisch

The adjectives can also refer to the language, but then the word must be capitalized, i.e. deutsch is the adjective that is usually followed by a noun, whereas Deutsch is the German language.

 


 

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