French Subject Pronouns

Learn the subject pronouns in French, with audio


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Subject Pronouns / Les pronoms sujets

je /ʒə/ I nous

/nu/

We
tu /ty/ You (informal) vous /vu/ You (formal and plural)
il
elle
on
/il/
/ɛl/
/ɔ̃/
He
She
One
ils
elles
/il/
/ɛl/
They (masc.)
They (fem.)

Il and elle can also mean it when they replace a noun (il replaces masculine nouns, and elle replaces feminine nouns) instead of a person's name.  Ils and elles can replace plural nouns as well in the same way.  Notice there are two ways to say you.  Tu is used when speaking to children, animals, or close friends and relatives.  Vous is used when speaking to more than one person, or to someone you don't know or who is older.  On can be translated into English as one, the people, they, you, in the indefinite sense, and it is often used instead of nous to mean we.

Je is reduced to j' before a word beginning with a vowel sound in both formal and informal language. Tu is reduced to t' before a vowel sound in informal language only.

Tutoyer and vouvoyer are two verbs that have no direct translation into English. Tutoyer means to use tu or be informal with someone, while vouvoyer means to use vous or be formal with someone.


 

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