This tutorial was written by Ömer & Mehmet Sener. If you are interested in authentic uses of language, go to Turkish realia for photos taken in Turkey.
Prepositions to and from in Turkish
The meaning of the prepositions “to, into” in English is conveyed through the suffix –e or –a in Turkish. An E-dotted vowel (one of e,i,ö,ü) in a word’s last (or the only) syllable gets –e, an A-undotted vowel (one of a,ı,o,u) gets –a.
eve to the house
okula to school
İstanbul’a to Istanbul
arkadaşıma to my friend
If the word ends in a vowel, y is included between the word and the suffix.
arabaya to the car
hastāneye to the hospital
Fransa’ya to France
The meaning of the preposition “from” in English is conveyed through the suffix –den or –dan, while the construction remains the same.
evden from the house
üniversiteden from the university
kütüphāneden from the library
Note that there are also –ten and –tan, used if the last letter of the word is a hard consonant (one of these letters: f, s, t, k, ç, ş, h, p).
Teksas’tan from Texas
Mehmet’ten from Mehmet
kitaptan from the book
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