This tutorial was written by Ömer & Mehmet Sener. If you are interested in authentic uses of language, go to Turkish realia for photos taken in Turkey.
Turkish is a very phonetic language, so pronunciation is very easy. Most words are pronounced exactly as they are spelled.
ü is exactly pronounced like “u” in French, like “tu”.
ğ is in most cases a silent letter. It has a unique sound to it when pronounced separately. (The closest would be the “r” sound in French, but ğ is not a guttural letter.)
Today, ğ is used:
1. as a vowel lengthener, that is, it lengthens the vowel that precedes it.
Dağ (“da:”) “mountain”
Ağlamak (“a:lamak”) “to cry”
Ağaç (“a:ch”) “tree”
2. in the middle of two vowels to connect them.
Eğilmek “to stoop”, eğitim “education”.
ı is pronounced like the “e” sound of “kommen” in German. It is an undotted i in appearance.
kâ is pronounced like the “qua” sound in “quatre” in French.
gâ is pronounced in a similar way, similar to “gare” in French.
lâ is pronounced like the “la” sound in French.
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