Swedish Comparative and Superlative

Learn how to compare adjectives in Swedish

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Swedish Comparative and Superlative

Forming the comparative and superlative of adjectives in Swedish is very similar to English. Most adjectives add -are to the adjective for the comparative and -ast(e) for the superlative. Some adjectives add nothing to the adjective, but use mer or mest (more or most) before the adjective.

strong adjectives -are -ast
weak adjectives -are -aste
many syllables mer mest

Irregular Comparative and Superlative Forms

good - better - best god / bra bättre bäst
good - better - best (food) god godare godast
bad - worse - worst dålig värre värst
bad - less good - least good dålig sämre sämst
few - fewer färre  
small - smaller - smallest liten mindre minst
many - more - most många fler flest
much - more - most mycket mer mest
old - older - oldest gammal äldre äldst

Godare and godast usually only refer to food. Fler / flest are used with count nouns, while mer / mest are used with non-count nouns.

Comparing two or more adjectives: To express egality (as... as), use så...som. To express superiority (-er or more... than), use -are or mer and än (than.) To express the superlative (-est or the most), use -ast or mest.


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