Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Sit Down (s'asseoir / sedersi / sentarse / sentar-se)

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English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to sit down s'asseoir sedersi sentarse sentar-se
Present: sit(s) down m'assieds / assois mi siedo / seggo me siento sento-me
  t'assieds / assoit ti siedi te sientas sentas-te
  s'assied / assoit si siede se sienta senta-se
  nous asseyons / assoyons ci sediamo nos sentamos sentamo-nos
  vous asseyez / assoyez vi sedete os sentáis sentais-vos
  s'asseyent / assoyent si siedono / seggono se sientan sentam-se
Imperfect: sat down/used to sit down m'asseyais mi sedevo me sentaba sentava-me
  t'asseyais ti sedevi te sentabas sentavas-te
  s'asseyait si sedeva se sentaba sentava-se
  nous asseyions ci sedevamo nossentábamos sentávamo-nos
  vous asseyiez vi sedevate os sentabais sentáveis-vos
  s'asseyaient si sedevano se sentaban sentavam-se
Preterite / Simple Past: sat down m'assis mi sedei / sedetti me senté sentei-me
(rare in French or Italian speech) t'assis ti sedesti te sentaste sentaste-te
s'assit si sedé / sedette se sentó sentou-se
nous assîmes ci sedemmo nos sentamos sentamo-nos
vous assîtes vi sedeste os sentasteis sentastes-vos
s'assirent si sederono / sedettero se sentaron sentaram-se
Future: will sit down m'assiérai mi sederò me sentaré sentar-me-ei
t'assiéras ti sederai te sentarás sentar-te-ás
s'assiéra si sederà se sentará sentar-se-á
nous assiérons ci sederemo nos sentaremos sentar-nos-emos
vous assiérez vi sederete os sentaréis sentar-vos-eis
s'assiéront si sederanno se sentarán sentar-se-ão
Conditional: would sit down m'assiérais mi sederei me sentaría sentar-me-ia
t'assiérais ti sederesti te sentarías sentar-te-ias
s'assiérait si sederebbe se sentaría sentar-se-ia
nous assiérions ci sederemmo nossentaríamos sentar-nos-íamos
vous assiériez vi sedereste os sentaríais sentar-vos-íeis
s'assiéraient si sederebbero se sentarían sentar-se-iam
Present Subjunctive: sit(s) down m'asseye / assoie mi sieda / segga me siente me sente
t'asseyes / assoies ti sieda / segga te sientes tu sentes
s'asseye / assoie si sieda / segga se siente se sente
nous asseyions / assoyions ci sediamo nos sentemos nos sentemos
vous asseyiez / assoyiez vi sediate os sentéis vos senteis
s'asseyent / assoient si siedano / seggano se sienten se sentem
Imperfect Subjunctive: sat down m'assise mi sedessi me sentara me sentasse
(rare in French speech) t'assisses ti sedessi te sentaras te sentasses
(alternative Spanish below) s'assît si sedesse se sentara se sentasse
  nous assissiez ci sedessimo nos sentáramos nos sentássemos
  vous assissiez vi sedeste os sentarais vos sentásseis
  s'assissent si sedessero se sentaran se sentassem
Future Subjunctive: will sit down     me sentare me sentar
(rare in Spanish speech)     te sentares te sentares
(no French or Italian)     se sentare se sentar
      nos sentáremos nos sentarmos
      os sentareis vos sentardes
      se sentaren se sentarem
Affirmative Imperative: sit down        
Singular familiar you assieds-toi siediti siéntate senta-te
Singular formal you asseyez-vous siedasi siéntese sente-se
Let's... asseyons-nous sediamoci sentémonos sentemo-nos
Plural familiar you asseyez-vous sedetevi sentaos sentai-vos
Plural formal you asseyez-vous siedanosi siéntense sentem-se
Negative Imperative: don't sit down        
Singular familiar you ne t'assieds pas non sederti no te sientes não te sentes
Singular formal you ne vous asseyez pas non siedasi no se siente não se sente
Let's not... ne nous asseyons pas non sediamoci no nos sentemos não nos sentemos
Plural familiar you ne vous asseyez pas non sedetevi no os sentéis não vos senteis
Plural formal you ne vous asseyez pas non siedanosi no se sienten não se sentem
Gerund: sitting down asseyant / assoyant sedendosi / seggendosi sentándose sentando-se
Present Participle: sitting down asseyant / assoyant sedentesi sentándose sentando-se
Past Participle: sat down assis(e)(s) seduto(a/i/e) sentado sentado
Auxiliary verb used in perfect tenses être essere haber ter

The French verb s'asseoir has two different conjugations. In addition to the forms given, the imperfect can be formed using the stem assoy-, while the future and conditional can be formed using the stem assoir-. The imperative can also use the alternative present tense forms. The Italian verb sedersi has alternate conjugations as well. The future and conditional tenses can also use the stem sieder-.

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

me sentara / me sentase
te sentaras / te sentases
se sentara / se sentase
nos sentáramos / nos sentásemos
os sentarais / os sentaseis
se sentaran / sentasen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)


The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.


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