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Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Sit Down (s'asseoir / sedersi / asseure's / sentarse / sentar-se)

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English French Italian Catalan Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to sit down s'asseoir sedersi asseure's sentarse sentar-se
           
Present: sit(s) down m'assieds / assois mi siedo / seggo m'assec me siento sento-me
  t'assieds / assoit ti siedi t'asseus te sientas sentas-te
  s'assied / assoit si siede s'asseu se sienta senta-se
  nous asseyons / assoyons ci sediamo ens asseiem nos sentamos sentamo-nos
  vous asseyez / assoyez vi sedete us asseieu os sentáis sentais-vos
  s'asseyent / assoyent si siedono / seggono s'asseuen se sientan sentam-se
           
Imperfect: sat down/used to sit down m'asseyais mi sedevo m'asseia me sentaba sentava-me
  t'asseyais ti sedevi t'asseies te sentabas sentavas-te
  s'asseyait si sedeva s'asseia se sentaba sentava-se
  nous asseyions ci sedevamo ens assèiem nossentábamos sentávamo-nos
  vous asseyiez vi sedevate us assèieu os sentabais sentáveis-vos
  s'asseyaient si sedevano s'asseien se sentaban sentavam-se
           
Preterite: sat down m'assis mi sedei / sedetti m'asseguí me senté sentei-me
(rare in French or Italian speech) t'assis ti sedesti t'assegueres te sentaste sentaste-te
(alternative Catalan below) s'assit si sedé / sedette s'assegué se sentó sentou-se
nous assîmes ci sedemmo ens asseguérem nos sentamos sentamo-nos
vous assîtes vi sedeste us asseguéreu os sentasteis sentastes-vos
s'assirent si sederono / sedettero s'assegueren se sentaron sentaram-se
           
Future: will sit down m'assiérai mi sederò m'asseuré me sentaré sentar-me-ei
t'assiéras ti sederai t'asseuràs te sentarás sentar-te-ás
s'assiéra si sederà s'asseurà se sentará sentar-se-á
nous assiérons ci sederemo ens asseurem nos sentaremos sentar-nos-emos
vous assiérez vi sederete us asseureu os sentaréis sentar-vos-eis
s'assiéront si sederanno s'asseuran se sentarán sentar-se-ão
           
Conditional: would sit down m'assiérais mi sederei m'asseuria me sentaría sentar-me-ia
t'assiérais ti sederesti t'asseuries te sentarías sentar-te-ias
s'assiérait si sederebbe s'asseuria se sentaría sentar-se-ia
nous assiérions ci sederemmo ens asseuríem nossentaríamos sentar-nos-íamos
vous assiériez vi sedereste us asseuríeu os sentaríais sentar-vos-íeis
s'assiéraient si sederebbero s'asseurien se sentarían sentar-se-iam
           
Present Subjunctive: sit(s) down m'asseye / assoie mi sieda / segga m'assegui me siente me sente
t'asseyes / assoies ti sieda / segga t'asseguis te sientes tu sentes
s'asseye / assoie si sieda / segga s'assegui se siente se sente
nous asseyions / assoyions ci sediamo ens asseguem nos sentemos nos sentemos
vous asseyiez / assoyiez vi sediate us assegueu os sentéis vos senteis
s'asseyent / assoient si siedano / seggano s'asseguin se sienten se sentem
           
Imperfect Subjunctive: sat down m'assise mi sedessi m'assegués me sentara me sentasse
(rare in French speech) t'assisses ti sedessi t'asseguessis te sentaras te sentasses
(alternative Spanish below) s'assît si sedesse s'assegués se sentara se sentasse
  nous assissiez ci sedessimo ens asseguéssim nos sentáramos nos sentássemos
  vous assissiez vi sedeste us asseguéssiu os sentarais vos sentásseis
  s'assissent si sedessero s'asseguessin se sentaran se sentassem
           
Affirmative Imperative: sit down          
Singular familiar you assieds-toi siediti asseu-te siéntate senta-te
Singular formal you asseyez-vous siedasi assegui's siéntese sente-se
Let's... asseyons-nous sediamoci asseguem-nos sentémonos sentemo-nos
Plural familiar you asseyez-vous sedetevi asseieu-vos sentaos sentai-vos
Plural formal you asseyez-vous siedanosi asseguin-se siéntense sentem-se
         
Negative Imperative: don't sit down          
Singular familiar you ne t'assieds pas non sederti no t'asseguis no te sientes não te sentes
Singular formal you ne vous asseyez pas non siedasi no s'assegui no se siente não se sente
Let's not... ne nous asseyons pas non sediamoci no ens asseguem no nos sentemos não nos sentemos
Plural familiar you ne vous asseyez pas non sedetevi no us assegueu no os sentéis não vos senteis
Plural formal you ne vous asseyez pas non siedanosi no s'asseguin no se sienten não se sentem
           
Gerund: sitting down
Present Participle: sitting down
en asseyant / en assoyant
asseyant / assoyant
sedendosi / seggendosi
sedentesi
asseient-se sentándose sentando-se
Past Participle: sat down assis(e)(s) seduto(a/i/e) assegut sentado sentado
           
Auxiliary verb used in perfect tenses être essere haver haber ter

The French verb s'asseoir has two different conjugations. In addition to the forms given, the imperfect can be formed using the stem assoy-, while the future and conditional can be formed using the stem assoir-. The imperative can also use the alternative present tense forms. The Italian verb sedersi has alternate conjugations as well. The future and conditional tenses can also use the stem sieder-.

The periphrastic past in Catalan is an alternative to the preterite. It is formed by using anar as an auxiliary verb followed by the infinitive.

vaig asseure's
vas asseure's
va asseure's
vam asseure's
vau asseure's
van asseure's

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

me sentara / me sentase
te sentaras / te sentases
se sentara / se sentase
nos sentáramos / nos sentásemos
os sentarais / os sentaseis
se sentaran / sentasen

The future subjunctive is only used in formal or literary Spanish, but it is easy to conjugate since it is nearly identical to the imperfect subjunctive forms. The future subjunctive in Portuguese is very common and the same endings are used for the personal infinitive (see below).

Spanish Portuguese
me sentare me sentar
te sentares te sentares
se sentare se sentar
nos sentáremos nos sentarmos
os sentareis vos sentardes
se sentaren se sentarem

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.

sentar-me
sentares-te
sentar-se
sentarmo-nos
sentardes-vos
sentarem-se

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)

sentara-me
sentaras-te
sentara-se
sentáramo-nos
sentáreis-vos
sentaram-se

 


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