Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Say/Tell (dire / dire / dir / decir / dizer)

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English French Italian Catalan Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to say/tell dire dire dir decir dizer
Present: say(s)/tell(s) dis dico dic digo digo
  dis dici dius dices dizes
  dit dice diu dice diz
  disons diciamo diem decimos dizemos
  dites dite dieu decís dizeis
  disent dicono diuen dicen dizem
Imperfect: said/told, used to say/tell disais dicevo deia decía dizia
  disais dicevi deies decías dizias
  disait diceva deia decía dizia
  disions dicevamo dèiem decíamos dizíamos
  disiez dicevate dèieu decíais dizíeis
  disaient dicevano deien decían diziam
Preterite: said/told dis dissi diguí dije disse
(rare in French or Italian speech) dis dicesti digueres dijiste disseste
(alternative Catalan below) dit disse digué dijo disse
dîmes dicemmo diguérem dijimos dissemos
dîtes diceste diguéreu dijisteis dissestes
dirent dissero digueren dijeron disseram
Future: will say/tell dirai dirò diré diré direi
diras dirai diràs dirás dirás
dira dirà dirà dirá dirá
dirons diremo direm diremos diremos
direz direte direu diréis direis
diront diranno diran dirán dirão
Conditional: would say/tell dirais direi diria diría diria
dirais diresti diries dirías dirias
dirait direbbe diria diría diria
dirions diremmo diríem diríamos diríamos
diriez direste diríeu diríais diríeis
diraient direbbero dirien dirían diriam
Present Subjunctive: say(s)/tell(s) dise dica digui diga diga
dises dica diguis digas digas
dise dica digui diga diga
disions diciamo diguem digamos digamos
disiez diciate digueu digáis digais
disent dicano diguin digan digam
Imperfect Subjunctive: said/told disse dicessi digués dijera dissesse
(rare in French speech) disses dicessi diguessis dijeras dissesses
(alternative Spanish below) dît dicesse digués dijera dissesse
  dissions dicessimo diguéssim dijéramos disséssemos
  dissiez diceste diguéssiu dijerais dissésseis
  dissent dicessero diguessin dijeran dissessem
Affirmative Imperative: say/tell          
Singular familiar you dis di' digues di diz
Singular formal you dites dica digui diga diga
Let's... disons diciamo diguem digamos digamos
Plural familiar you dites dite digueu decid dizei
Plural formal you dites dicano diguin digan digam
Negative Imperative: don't say/tell          
Singular familiar you ne dis pas non dire no diguis no digas não digas
Singular formal you ne dites pas non dica no digui no diga não diga
Let's not... ne disons pas non diciamo no diguem no diagamos não digamos
Plural familiar you ne dites pas non dite no digueu no digáis não digais
Plural formal you ne dites pas non dicano no diguin no digan não digam
Gerund: saying/telling
Present Participle: saying/telling
en disant
dient diciendo dizendo
Past Participle: said/told dit detto dit dicho dito
Auxiliary verb used in perfect tenses avoir avere haver haber ter


The periphrastic past in Catalan is an alternative to the preterite. It is formed by using anar as an auxiliary verb followed by the infinitive.

vaig dir
vas dir
va dir
vam dir
vau dir
van dir

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

dijera / dijese
dijeras / dijeses
dijera / dijese
dijéramos / dijésemos
dijerais / dijeseis
dijeran / dijesen

The future subjunctive is only used in formal or literary Spanish, but it is easy to conjugate since it is nearly identical to the imperfect subjunctive forms. The future subjunctive in Portuguese is very common and the same endings are used for the personal infinitive (see below).

Spanish Portuguese
dijere disser
dijeres disseres
dijere disser
dijéremos dissermos
dijereis disserdes
dijeren disserem

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.


There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)



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