Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Stem-changing -ir / -ire / -ir verbs in French, Italian, and Catalan

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English French Italian Catalan
-ir (-iss-) verbs -ire (-isc-) verbs -ir (-eix-) verbs
Infinitive: to finish finir finire finir
Present: finish(es) finis finisco fineixo
finis finisci fineixes
finit finisce fineix
finissons finiamo finim
finissez finite finiu
finissent finiscono fineixen
Imperfect: finished/used to finish finissais finivo finia
finissais finivi finies
finissait finiva finia
finissions finivamo finíem
finissiez finivate finíeu
finissaient finivano finien
Preterite: finished finis finii finí
(rare in French or Italian speech) finis finisti finires
(alternative Catalan below) finit finì finí
  finîmes finimmo finírem
  finîtes finiste finíreu
  finirent finirono finiren
Future: will finish finirai finirò finiré
finiras finirai finiràs
finira finirà finirà
finirons finiremo finirem
finirez finirete finireu
finiront finiranno finiran
Conditional: would finish finirais finirei finiria
finirais finiresti finiries
finirait finirebbe finira
finirions finiremmo finiríem
finiriez finireste finiríeu
finiraient finirebbero finirien
Present Subjunctive: finish(es) finisse finisca fineixi
finisses finisca fineixis
finisse finisca fineixi
finissions finiamo finim
finissiez finiate finiu
finissent finiscano fineixin
Imperfect Subjunctive: finished finisse finissi finís
(rare in French speech) finisses finissi finissis
  finît finisse finís
  finissions finissimo finíssim
  finissiez finiste finíssiu
  finissent finissero finissin
Affirmative Imperative: finish
Singular familiar you finis finisci fineix
Singular formal you finissez finisca fineixi
Let's... finissons finiamo finim
Plural familiar you finissez finite finiu
Plural formal you finissez finiscano fineixin
Negative Imperative: don't finish      
Singular familiar you ne finis pas non finire no fineixis
Singular formal you ne finissez pas non finisca no fineixi
Let's not... ne finissons pas non finiamo no finim
Plural familiar you ne finissez pas non finite no finiu
Plural formal you ne finissez pas non finiscano no fineixin
Gerund: finishing
Present Participle: finishing
en finissant
Past Participle: finished fini finito finit
Auxiliary in perfect tenses for "to finish" avoir avere or essere haver


The periphrastic past in Catalan is an alternative to the preterite. It is formed by using anar as an auxiliary verb followed by the infinitive.

vaig finir
vas finir
va finir
vam finir
vau finir
van finir


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