Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Catalan, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Regular -ir / - ire / -ir / -ir / -ir Verbs

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(Note that salir is more commonly used in Spanish for to leave. Although it is a regular verb, partir in Catalan has spelling changes in the stem, so I used sentir - to feel instead.)
English French Italian Catalan Spanish Portuguese
-ir verbs -ire verbs -ir verbs -ir verbs -ir verbs
Infinitive: to leave partir partire sentir partir partir
           
Present: leave(s) pars parto sento parto parto
pars parti sents partes partes
part parte sent parte parte
partons partiamo sentim partimos partimos
partez partite sentiu partis partis
partent partono senten parten partem
           
Imperfect: left/used to leave partais partivo sentia partía partia
partais partivi senties partías partias
partait partiva sentia partía partia
partions partivamo sentíem partíamos partíamos
partiez partivate sentíeu partíais partíeis
partaient partivano sentien partían partiam
           
Preterite: left partis partii sentí parti parti
(rare in French or Italian speech) partis partisti sentires partiste partiste
(alternative Catalan below) partit partì sentí partió partiu
  partîmes partimmo sentírem partimos partimos
  partîtes partiste sentíreu partisteis partistes
  partirent partirono sentiren partieron partiram
           
Future: will leave partirai partirò sentiré partiré partirei
partiras partirai sentiràs partirás partirás
partira partirà sentirà partirá partirá
partirons partiremo sentirem partiremos partiremos
partirez partirete sentireu partiréis partireis
partiront partiranno sentiran partirán partirão
           
Conditional: would leave partirais partirei sentiria partiría partiria
partirais partiresti sentiries partirías partirias
partirait partirebbe sentiria partiría partiria
partirions partiremmo sentiríem partiríamos partiríamos
partiriez partireste sentiríeu partiríais partiríeis
partiraient partirebbero sentirien partirían partiriam
           
Present Subjunctive: leave(s) parte parta senti parta parta
partes parta sentis partas partas
parte parta senti parta parta
partions partiamo sentim partamos partamos
partiez partiate sentiu partáis partais
partent partano sentin partan partam
           
Imperfect Subjunctive: left partisse partissi sentís partiera partisse
(rare in French speech) partisses partissi sentissis partieras partisses
(alternative Spanish below) partît partisse sentís partiera partisse
  partissions partissimo sentíssim partiéramos partíssemos
  partissiez partiste sentíssiu partierais partísseis
  partissent partissero sentissin partieran partissem
           
Affirmative Imperative: leave
Singular familiar you pars parti sent parte parte
Singular formal you partez parta senti parta parta
Let's... partons partiamo sentim partamos partamos
Plural familiar you partez partite sentiu parted parti
Plural formal you partez partano sentin partan partam
           
Negative Imperative: don't leave          
Singular familiar you ne pars pas non partire no sentis no partas não partas
Singular formal you ne partez pas non parta no senti no parta não parta
Let's not... ne partons pas non partiamo no sentim no partamos não partamos
Plural familiar you ne partez pas non partite no sentiu no partáis não partais
Plural formal you ne partez pas non partano no sentin no partan não partam
           
Gerund: leaving
Present Participle: leaving
en partant
partant
partendo
partente
sentint partiendo partindo
Past Participle: left parti partito sentit partido partido
           
Auxiliary in perfect tenses for "to leave" être essere haver haber ter

 

The periphrastic past in Catalan is an alternative to the preterite. It is formed by using anar as an auxiliary verb followed by the infinitive.

vaig sentir
vas sentir
va sentir
vam sentir
vau sentir
van sentir

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

partiera / partiese
partieras / partieses
partiera / partiese
partiéramos / partiésemos
partierais / partieseis
partieran / partiesen

The future subjunctive is only used in formal or literary Spanish, but it is easy to conjugate since it is nearly identical to the imperfect subjunctive forms. The future subjunctive in Portuguese is very common and the same endings are used for the personal infinitive. For regular verbs, the personal infinitive in Portuguese is identical to the future subjunctive.

Spanish Portuguese
partiere partir
partieres partires
partiere partir
partiéremos partirmos
partiereis partirdes
partieren partirem

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)

partira
partiras
partira
partíramos
partíreis
partiram

 


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