Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Catalan, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Regular -re / - ere / -re|-re / -er / -er Verbs

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(Vendre is irregular in Catalan, so I used perdre - to lose in its place).
English French Italian Catalan Spanish Portuguese
-re verbs -ere verbs -re|-er verbs -er verbs -er verbs
Infinitive: to sell vendre vendere perdre vender vender
Present: sell(s) vends vendo perdo vendo vendo
vends vendi perds vendes vendes
vend vende perd vende vende
vendons vendiamo perdem vendemos vendemos
vendez vendete perdeu vendéis vendeis
vendent vendono perden venden vendem
Imperfect: sold/used to sell vendais vendevo perdia vendía vendia
vendais vendevi perdies vendías vendias
vendait vendeva perdia vendía vendia
vendions vendevamo perdíem vendíamos vendíamos
vendiez vendevate perdíeu vendíais vendíeis
vendaient vendevano perdien vendían vendiam
Preterite: sold vendis vendei / vendetti perdí vendí vendi
(rare in French or Italian speech) vendis vendesti perderes vendiste vendeste
(alternative Catalan below) vendit vendé / vendette perdé vendió vendeu
vendîmes vendemmo perdérem vendimos vendemos
vendîtes vendeste perdéreu vendisteis vendestes
vendirent venderono / vendettero perderen vendieron venderam
Future: will sell vendrai venderò perdré venderé venderei
vendras venderai perdràs venderás venderás
vendra venderà perdrà venderá venderá
vendrons venderemo perdrem venderemos venderemos
vendrez venderete perdreu venderéis vendereis
vendront venderanno perdran venderán venderão
Conditional: would sell vendrais venderei perdria vendería venderia
vendrais venderesti perdries venderías venderias
vendrait venderebbe perdria vendería venderia
vendrions venderemmo perdríem venderíamos venderíamos
vendriez vendereste perdríeu venderíais venderíeis
vendraient venderebbero perdrien venderían venderiam
Present Subjunctive: sell(s) vende venda perdi venda venda
vendes venda perdis vendas vendas
vende venda perdi venda venda
vendions vendiamo perdem vendamos vendamos
vendiez vendiate perdeu vendáis vendais
vendent vendano perdin vendan vendam
Imperfect Subjunctive: sold vendisse vendessi perdés vendiera vendesse
(rare in French speech) vendisses vendessi perdessis vendieras vendesses
(alternative Spanish below) vendît vendesse perdés vendiera vendesse
  vendissions vendessimo perdéssim vendiéramos vendêssemos
  vendissiez vendeste perdéssiu vendierais vendêsseis
  vendissent vendessero perdessin vendieran vendessem
Affirmative Imperative: sell
Singular familiar you vends vendi perd vende vende
Singular formal you vendez venda perdi venda venda
Let's... vendons vendiamo perdem vendamos vendamos
Plural familiar you vendez vendete perdeu vended vendei
Plural formal you vendez vendano perdin vendan vendam
Negative Imperative: don't sell          
Singular familiar you ne vends pas non vendere no perdis no vendas não vendas
Singular formal you ne vendez pas non venda no perdi no venda não venda
Let's not... ne vendons pas non vendiamo no perdem no vendamos não vendamos
Plural familiar you ne vendez pas non vendete no perdeu no vendáis não vendais
Plural formal you ne vendez pas non vendano no perdin no vendan não vendam
Gerund: selling
Present Participle: selling
en vendant
perdent vendiendo vendendo
Past Participle: sold vendu venduto perdut vendido vendido
Auxiliary in perfect tenses for "to sell" avoir avere haver haber ter


The periphrastic past in Catalan is an alternative to the preterite. It is formed by using anar as an auxiliary verb followed by the infinitive.

vaig perdre
vas perdre
va perdre
vam perdre
vau perdre
van perdre

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

vendiera / vendiese
vendieras / vendieses
vendiera / vendiese
vendiéramos / vendiésemos
vendierais / vendieseis
vendieran / vendiesen

The future subjunctive is only used in formal or literary Spanish, but it is easy to conjugate since it is nearly identical to the imperfect subjunctive forms. The future subjunctive in Portuguese is very common and the same endings are used for the personal infinitive. For regular verbs, the personal infinitive in Portuguese is identical to the future subjunctive.

Spanish Portuguese
vendiere vender
vendieres venderes
vendiere vender
vendiéremos vendermos
vendiereis venderdes
vendieren venderem

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)



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