Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Regular -er / - are / -ar Verbs

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English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
-er verbs -are verbs -ar verbs -ar verbs
Infinitive: to love aimer amare amar amar
Present: love(s) aime amo amo amo
aimes ami amas amas
aime ama ama ama
aimons amiamo amamos amamos
aimez amate amáis amais
aiment amano aman amam
Imperfect: loved/used to love aimais amavo amaba amava
aimais amavi amabas amavas
aimait amava amaba amava
aimions amavamo amábamos amávamos
aimiez amavate amabais amáveis
aimaient amavano amaban amavam
Preterite / Simple Past: loved aimai amai amé amei
(rare in French or Italian speech) aimas amasti amaste amaste
  aima amò amó amou
  aimâmes amammo amamos amamos
  aimâtes amaste amasteis amastes
  aimèrent amarono amaron amaram
Future: will love aimerai amerò amaré amarei
aimeras amerai amarás amarás
aimera amerà amará amará
aimerons ameremo amaremos amaremos
aimerez amerete amaréis amareis
aimeront ameranno amarán amarão
Conditional: would love aimerais amerei amaría amaria
aimerais ameresti amarías amarias
aimerait amerebbe amaría amaria
aimerions ameremmo amaríamos amaríamos
aimeriez amereste amaríais amaríeis
aimeraient amerebbero amarían amariam
Present Subjunctive: love(s) aime ami ame ame
aimes ami ames ames
aime ami ame ame
aimions amiamo amemos amemos
aimiez amiate améis ameis
aiment amino amen amem
Imperfect Subjunctive: loved aimasse amassi amara amasse
(rare in French speech) aimasses amassi amaras amasses
(alternative Spanish below) aimât amasse amara amasse
  aimassions amassimo amáramos amássemos
  aimassiez amaste amarais amásseis
  aimassent amassero amaran amassem
Future Subjunctive: will love     amare amar
(rare in Spanish speech)     amares amares
(no French or Italian)     amare amar
      amáremos amarmos
      amareis amardes
      amaren amarem
Affirmative Imperative: love
Singular familiar you aime ama ama ama
Singular formal you aimez ami ame ame
Let's... aimons amiamo amemos amemos
Plural familiar you aimez amate amad amai
Plural formal you aimez amino amen amem
Negative Imperative: don't love        
Singular familiar you n'aime pas non amare no ames não ames
Singular formal you n'aimez pas non ami no ame não ame
Let's not... n'aimons pas non amiamo no amemos não amemos
Plural familiar you n'aimez pas non amate no améis não ameis
Plural formal you n'aimez pas non amino no amen não amem
Gerund: loving aimant amando amando amando
Present Participle: loving aimant amante amando amando
Past Participle: loved aimé amato amado amado
Auxiliary in perfect tenses for "to love" avoir avere haber ter


There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

amara / amase
amaras / amases
amara / amase
amáramos / amásemos
amarais / amaseis
amaran / amasen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)


For regular verbs, the personal infinitive in Portuguese is identical to the future subjunctive.


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