Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Catalan, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Regular -er / - are / -ar / -ar / -ar Verbs

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English French Italian Catalan Spanish Portuguese
-er verbs -are verbs -ar verbs -ar verbs -ar verbs
Infinitive: to love aimer amare amar amar amar
Present: love(s) aime amo amo amo amo
aimes ami ames amas amas
aime ama ama ama ama
aimons amiamo amem amamos amamos
aimez amate ameu amáis amais
aiment amano amen aman amam
Imperfect: loved/used to love aimais amavo amava amaba amava
aimais amavi amaves amabas amavas
aimait amava amava amaba amava
aimions amavamo amàvem amábamos amávamos
aimiez amavate amàveu amabais amáveis
aimaient amavano amàven amaban amavam
Preterite: loved aimai amai amí amé amei
(rare in French or Italian speech) aimas amasti amares amaste amaste
(alternative Catalan below) aima amò amà amó amou
  aimâmes amammo amàrem amamos amamos
  aimâtes amaste amàreu amasteis amastes
  aimèrent amarono amàren amaron amaram
Future: will love aimerai amerò amaré amaré amarei
aimeras amerai amaràs amarás amarás
aimera amerà amarà amará amará
aimerons ameremo amarem amaremos amaremos
aimerez amerete amareu amaréis amareis
aimeront ameranno amaran amarán amarão
Conditional: would love aimerais amerei amaria amaría amaria
aimerais ameresti amaries amarías amarias
aimerait amerebbe amaria amaría amaria
aimerions ameremmo amaríem amaríamos amaríamos
aimeriez amereste amaríeu amaríais amaríeis
aimeraient amerebbero amaríen amarían amariam
Present Subjunctive: love(s) aime ami ami ame ame
aimes ami amis ames ames
aime ami ami ame ame
aimions amiamo amem amemos amemos
aimiez amiate ameu améis ameis
aiment amino amin amen amem
Imperfect Subjunctive: loved aimasse amassi amés amara amasse
(rare in French speech) aimasses amassi amessis amaras amasses
(alternative Spanish below) aimât amasse amés amara amasse
  aimassions amassimo améssim amáramos amássemos
  aimassiez amaste améssiu amarais amásseis
  aimassent amassero amessim amaran amassem
Affirmative Imperative: love
Singular familiar you aime ama ama ama ama
Singular formal you aimez ami ami ame ame
Let's... aimons amiamo amem amemos amemos
Plural familiar you aimez amate ameu amad amai
Plural formal you aimez amino amin amen amem
Negative Imperative: don't love          
Singular familiar you n'aime pas non amare no amis no ames não ames
Singular formal you n'aimez pas non ami no ami no ame não ame
Let's not... n'aimons pas non amiamo no amem no amemos não amemos
Plural familiar you n'aimez pas non amate no ameu no améis não ameis
Plural formal you n'aimez pas non amino no amin no amen não amem
Gerund: loving
Present Participle: loving
en aimant
amant amando amando
Past Participle: loved aimé amato amat amado amado
Auxiliary in perfect tenses for "to love" avoir avere haver haber ter


The periphrastic past in Catalan is an alternative to the preterite. It is formed by using anar as an auxiliary verb followed by the infinitive.

vaig amar
vas amar
va amar
vam amar
vau amar
van amar

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

amara / amase
amaras / amases
amara / amase
amáramos / amásemos
amarais / amaseis
amaran / amasen

The future subjunctive is only used in formal or literary Spanish, but it is easy to conjugate since it is nearly identical to the imperfect subjunctive forms. The future subjunctive in Portuguese is very common and the same endings are used for the personal infinitive. For regular verbs, the personal infinitive in Portuguese is identical to the future subjunctive.

Spanish Portuguese
amare amar
amares amares
amare amar
amáremos amarmos
amareis amardes
amaren amarem

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portuguese which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)



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