Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Have (avoir / avere / haber / haver)

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Spanish and Portuguese both have two verbs meaning have in English. In Spanish, haber is the verb used as the auxiliary verb in perfect tenses to mean have/had (followed by the past participle), while tener is used to show possession (to have, to own, to possess). Haber is also the verb used to express there is/are (hay) and there was/were (había). In Portuguese, the verb haver can be used in the perfect tenses, but ter is used much more often. Haver can be used to express there is/are/was/were/etc., but ter is preferred, especially in Brazil. Go to conjugations of tener / ter.

English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to have avoir avere haber haver
Present: have, has ai ho he hei
  as hai has hás
  a ha ha
  avons abbiamo hemos hemos
  avez avete habéis heis
  ont hanno han hão
Imperfect: had/used to have avais avevo había havia
  avais avevi habías havias
  avait aveva había havia
  avions avevamo habíamos havíamos
  aviez avevate habíais havíeis
  avaient avevano habían haviam
Preterite / Simple Past: had eus ebbi hube houve
(rare in French or Italian speech) eus avesti hubiste houveste
  eut ebbe hubo houve
  eûmes avemmo hubimos houvemos
  eûtes aveste hubisteis houvestes
  eurent ebbero hubieron houveram
Future: will have aurai avrò habré haverei
  auras avrai habrás haverás
  aura avrà habrá haverá
  aurons avremo habremos haveremos
  aurez avrete habréis havereis
  auront avranno habrán haverão
Conditional: would have aurais avrei habría haveria
  aurais avresti habrías haverias
  aurait avrebbe habría haveria
  aurions avremmo habríamos haveríamos
  auriez avreste habríais haveríeis
  auraient avrebbero habrían haveriam
Present Subjunctive: have, has aie abbia haya haja
  aies abbia hayas hajas
  ait abbia haya haja
  ayons abbiamo hayamos hajamos
  ayez abbiate hayáis hajais
  aient abbiano hayan hajam
Imperfect Subjunctive: had eusse avessi hubiera houvesse
(rare in French speech) eusses avessi hubieras houvesses
(alternative Spanish below) eût avesse hubiera houvesse
  eussions avessimo hubiéramos houvéssemos
  eussiez aveste hubierais houvésseis
  eussent avessero hubieran houvessem
Future Subjunctive: will have hubiere houver
(rare in Spanish speech) hubieres houveres
(no French or Italian) hubiere houver
  hubiéremos houvermos
  hubiereis houverdes
  hubieren houverem
Affirmative Imperative: have
Singular familiar you aie abbi he
Singular formal you ayez abbia haya haja
Let's... ayons abbiamo hayamos hajamos
Plural familiar you ayez abbiate habed havei
Plural formal you ayez abbiano hayan hajam
Negative Imperative: don't have
Singular familiar you n'aie pas non avere no hayas não hajas
Singular formal you n'ayez pas non abbia no haya não haja
Let's not... n'ayons pas non abbiamo no hayamos não hajamos
Plural familiar you n'ayez pas non abbiate no hayáis não hajais
Plural formal you n'ayez pas non abbiano no hayan não hajam
Gerund: having ayant avendo habiendo havendo
Present Participle: having ayant avente habiendo havendo
Past Participle: had eu avuto habido havido
Auxiliary verb in perfect tenses avoir avere haber ter


There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

hubiera / hubiese
hubieras / hubieses
hubiera / hubiese
hubiéramos / hubiésemos
hubierais / hubieseis
hubieran / hubiesen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)


The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.




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