Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Go (aller / andare / anar / ir / ir)

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English French Italian Catalan Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to go aller andare anar ir ir
           
Present: go(es) vais vado vaig voy vou
  vas vai vas vas vais
  va va va va vai
  allons andiamo anem vamos vamos
  allez andate aneu vais ides
  vont vanno van van vão
 
Imperfect: went/used to go allais andavo anava iba ia
  allais andavi anaves ibas ias
  allait andava anava iba ia
  allions andavamo anàvem íbamos íamos
  alliez andavate anàveu ibais íeis
  allaient andavono anaven iban iam
 
Preterite: went allai andai aní fui fui
(rare in French or Italian speech) allas andasti anares fuiste foste
(alternative Catalan below) alla ando anà fue foi
  allâmes andammo anàrem fuimos fomos
  allâtes andaste anàreu fuisteis fostes
  allèrent andarono anaren fueron foram
           
Future: will go irai andrò aniré iré irei
  iras andrai aniràs irás irás
  ira andrà anirà irá irá
  irons andremo anirem iremos iremos
  irez andrete anireu iréis ireis
  iront andranno aniran irán irão
 
Conditional: would go irais andrei aniria iría iria
  irais andresti aniries irías irias
  irait andrebbe aniria iría iria
  irions andremmo aniríem iríamos iríamos
  iriez andreste aniríeu iríais iríeis
  iraient andrebbero anirien irían iriam
 
Present Subjunctive: go(es) aille vada vagi vaya
  ailles vada vagis vayas vás
  aille vada vagi vaya
  allions andiamo anem vayamos vamos
  alliez andiate aneu vayáis vades
  aillent vadano vagin vayan vão
 
Imperfect Subjunctive: went allasse andassi anés fuera fosse
(rare in French speech) allasses andassi anessis fueras fosses
(alternative Spanish below) allât andasse anés fuera fosse
  allassions andassimo anéssim fuéramos fôssemos
  allassiez andaste anéssiu fuerais fôsseis
  allassent andassero anessin fueran fossem
   
Affirmative Imperative: go
Singular familiar you va va' / vai vés ve vai
Singular formal you allez vada vagi vaya
Let's... allons andiamo anem vayamos vamos
Plural familiar you allez andate aneu id ide
Plural formal you allez vadano vagin vayan vão
 
Negative Imperative: don't go
Singular familiar you ne va pas non andare no vagis no vayas não vás
Singular formal you n'allez pas non vada no vagi no vaya não vá
Let's not... n'allons pas non andiamo no anem no vayamos não vamos
Plural familiar you n'allez pas non andate no aneu no vayáis não vades
Plural formal you n'allez pas non vadano no vagin no vayan não vão
 
Gerund: going
Present Participle: going
en allant
allant
andando
andante
anant yendo indo
Past Participle: gone allé andato anat ido ido
           
Auxiliary verb in perfect tenses être essere haver haber ter

 

The periphrastic past in Catalan is an alternative to the preterite. It is formed by using anar as an auxiliary verb followed by the infinitive.

vaig anar
vas anar
va anar
vam anar
vau anar
van anar

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

fuera / fuese
fueras / fueses
fuera / fuese
fuéramos / fuésemos
fuerais / fueseis
fueran / fuesen

The future subjunctive is only used in formal or literary Spanish, but it is easy to conjugate since it is nearly identical to the imperfect subjunctive forms. The future subjunctive in Portuguese is very common and the same endings are used for the personal infinitive (see below).

Spanish Portuguese
fuere for
fueres fores
fuere for
fuéremos formos
fuereis fordes
fueren forem

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.

ir
ires
ir
irmos
irdes
irem

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portuguese which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)

fora
foras
fora
fôramos
fôreis
foram

 


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