Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Give (donner / dare / donar / dar / dar)

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English French Italian Catalan Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to give donner dare donar dar dar
           
Present: give(s) donne do dono doy dou
  donnes dai dónes das dás
  donne dóna da
  donnons diamo donem damos damos
  donnez date doneu dais dais
  donnent dànno donen dan dão
           
Imperfect: gave/used to give donnais davo donava daba dava
  donnais davi donaves dabas davas
  donnait dava donava daba dava
  donnions davamo donàvem dábamos dávamos
  donniez davate donàveu dabais dáveis
  donnaient davano donaven daban davam
           
Preterite: gave donnai diedi / detti doní di dei
(rare in French or Italian speech) donnas desti donares diste deste
(alternative Catalan below) donna diede / dette / dètte donà dio deu
donnâmes demmo donàrem dimos demos
donnâtes deste donàreu disteis destes
donnèrent diedero / dettero donaren dieron deram
           
Future: will give donnerai darò donaré daré darei
donneras darai donaràs darás darás
donnera darà donarà dará dará
donnerons daremo donarem daremos daremos
donnerez darete donareu daréis dareis
donneront daranno donaran darán darão
           
Conditional: would give donnerais darei donaria daría daria
donnerais daresti donaries darías darias
donnerait darebbe donaria daría daria
donnerions daremmo donaríem daríamos daríamos
donneriez dareste donaríeu daríais daríeis
donneraient darebbero donarien darían dariam
           
Present Subjunctive: give(s) donne dia doni
donnes dia donis des dês
donne dia doni
donnions diamo donem demos dêmos
donniez diate doneu deis deis
donnent diano donin den deem
           
Imperfect Subjunctive: gave donnasse dessi donés diera desse
(rare in French speech) donnasses dessi donessis dieras desses
(alternative Spanish below) donnât desse donés diera desse
  donnassions dessimo donéssim diéramos déssemos
  donnassiez deste donéssiu dierais désseis
  donnassent dessero donessin dieran dessem
           
Affirmative Imperative: give          
Singular familiar you donne da' / dai dóna da
Singular formal you donnez dia doni
Let's... donnons diamo donem demos dêmos
Plural familiar you donnez date doneu dad dai
Plural formal you donnez diano donin den deem
         
Negative Imperative: don't give          
Singular familiar you ne donne pas non dare no donis no des não dês
Singular formal you ne donnez pas non dia no doni no dé não dê
Let's not... ne donnons pas non diamo no donem no demos não dêmos
Plural familiar you ne donnez pas non date no doneu no deis não deis
Plural formal you ne donnez pas non diano no donin no den não deem
           
Gerund: giving
Present Participle: giving
en donnant
donnant
dando
dante
donant dando dando
Past Participle: given donné dato donat dado dado
           
Auxiliary verb used in perfect tenses avoir avere haver haber ter

 

The periphrastic past in Catalan is an alternative to the preterite. It is formed by using anar as an auxiliary verb followed by the infinitive.

vaig donar
vas donar
va donar
vam donar
vau donar
van donar

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

diera / diese
dieras / dieses
diera / diese
diéramos / diésemos
dierais / dieseis
dieran / diesen

The future subjunctive is only used in formal or literary Spanish, but it is easy to conjugate since it is nearly identical to the imperfect subjunctive forms. The future subjunctive in Portuguese is very common and the same endings are used for the personal infinitive (see below).

Spanish Portuguese
diere der
dieres deres
diere der
diéremos dermos
diereis derdes
dieren derem

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)

dera
deras
dera
déramos
déreis
deram

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.

dar
dares
dar
darmos
dardes
darem


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