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Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Give (donner / dare / dar / dar)

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English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to give donner dare dar dar
Present: give(s) donne do doy dou
  donnes dai das dás
  donne da
  donnons diamo damos damos
  donnez date dais dais
  donnent dànno dan dão
Imperfect: gave/used to give donnais davo daba dava
  donnais davi dabas davas
  donnait dava daba dava
  donnions davamo dábamos dávamos
  donniez davate dabais dáveis
  donnaient davano daban davam
Preterite / Simple Past: gave donnai diedi / detti di dei
(rare in French or Italian speech) donnas desti diste deste
donna diede / dette / dètte dio deu
donnâmes demmo dimos demos
donnâtes deste disteis destes
donnèrent diedero / dettero dieron deram
Future: will give donnerai darò daré darei
donneras darai darás darás
donnera darà dará dará
donnerons daremo daremos daremos
donnerez darete daréis dareis
donneront daranno darán darão
Conditional: would give donnerais darei daría daria
donnerais daresti darías darias
donnerait darebbe daría daria
donnerions daremmo daríamos daríamos
donneriez dareste daríais daríeis
donneraient darebbero darían dariam
Present Subjunctive: give(s) donne dia
donnes dia des dês
donne dia
donnions diamo demos dêmos
donniez diate deis deis
donnent diano den deem
Imperfect Subjunctive: gave donnasse dessi diera desse
(rare in French speech) donnasses dessi dieras desses
(alternative Spanish below) donnât desse diera desse
  donnassions dessimo diéramos déssemos
  donnassiez deste dierais désseis
  donnassent dessero dieran dessem
Future Subjunctive: will give     diere der
(rare in Spanish speech)     dieres deres
(no French or Italian)     diere der
      diéremos dermos
      diereis derdes
      dieren derem
Affirmative Imperative: give        
Singular familiar you donne da' / dai da
Singular formal you donnez dia
Let's... donnons diamo demos dêmos
Plural familiar you donnez date dad dai
Plural formal you donnez diano den deem
Negative Imperative: don't give        
Singular familiar you ne donne pas non dare no des não dês
Singular formal you ne donnez pas non dia no dé não dê
Let's not... ne donnons pas non diamo no demos não dêmos
Plural familiar you ne donnez pas non date no deis não deis
Plural formal you ne donnez pas non diano no den não deem
Gerund: giving donnant dando dando dando
Present Participle: giving donnant dante dando dando
Past Participle: given donné dato dado dado
Auxiliary verb used in perfect tenses avoir avere haber ter


There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

diera / diese
dieras / dieses
diera / diese
diéramos / diésemos
dierais / dieseis
dieran / diesen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)


The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.


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