Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Get Up (se lever / alzarsi / llevar-se / levantarse / levantar-se)

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English French Italian Catalan Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to get up se lever alzarsi llevar-se levantarse levantar-se
Present: get(s) up me lève mi alzo em llevo me  levanto levanto-me
  te lève ti alzi et lleves te  levantas levantas-te
  se lève si alza es lleva se  levanta levanta-se
  nous levons ci alziamo ens llevem nos levantamos levantamo-nos
  vous levez vi alzate us lleveu os  levantáis levantais-vos
  se lèvent si alzano es lleven se  levantan levantam-se
Imperfect: got up/used to get up me levais mi alzavo em llevava me  levantaba levantava-me
  te levais ti alzavi et llevaves te  levantabas levantavas-te
  se levait si alzava es llevava se  levantaba levantava-se
  nous levions ci alzavamo ens llevàvem nos levantábamos levantávamo-nos
  vous leviez vi alzavate us llevàveu os  levantabais levantáveis-vos
  se levaient si alzavano es llevaven se  levantaban levantavam-se
Preterite: got up me levai mi alzai em lleví me  levanté levantei-me
(rare in French or Italian speech) te levas ti alzasti et llevares te  levantaste levantaste-te
(alternative Catalan below) se leva si alzò es llevà se  levantó levantou-se
nous levâmes ci alzammo ens llevàrem nos levantamos levantámos-nos
vous levâtes vi alzaste us llevàreu os  levantasteis levantastes-vos
se levèrent si alzarono es llevaren se  levantaron levantaram-se
Future: will get up me leverai mi alzerò em llevaré me  levantaré levantar-me-ei
te leveras ti alzerai et llevaràs te  levantarás levantar-te-ás
se levera si alzerà es llevarà se  levantará levantar-se-á
nous leverons ci alzeremo ens llevarem nos levantaremos levantar-nos-emos
vous leverez vi alzerete us llevareu os  levantaréis levantar-vos-eis
se leveront si alzeranno es llevaran se  levantarán levantar-se-ão
Conditional: would get up me leverais mi alzerei em llevaria me  levantaría levantar-me-ia
te leverais ti alzeresti et llevaries te  levantarías levantar-te-ias
se leverait si alzerebbe es llevaria se  levantaría levantar-se-ia
nous leverions ci alzeremmo ens llevaríem nos levantaríamos levantar-nos-íamos
vous leveriez vi alzereste us llevaríeu os  levantaríais levantar-vos-íeis
se leveraient si alzerebbero es llevarien se  levantarían levantar-se-iam
Present Subjunctive: get(s) up me lève mi alzi em llevi me  levante me levante
te lève ti alzi et llevis te  levantes te levantes
se lève si alzi es llevi se  levante se levante
nous levions ci alziamo ens llevem nos levantemos nos levantemos
vous leviez vi alziate es lleveu os  levantéis vos levanteis
se lèvent si alzino es llevin se  levanten se levantem
Imperfect Subjunctive: got up me levasse mi alzassi em llevés me levantara me levantasse
(rare in French speech) te levasses ti alzassi et llevessis te levantaras te levantasses
(alternative Spanish below) se levât si alzasse es llevés se levantara se levantasse
  nous levassions ci alzassimo ens llevéssim nos levantáramos nos levantássemos
  vous levassiez voi alzaste us llevéssiu os levantarais vos levantásseis
  se levassent si alzassero es llevessin se levantaran se levantassem
Affirmative Imperative: get up          
Singular familiar you lève-toi alzati lleva't levántate levanta-te
Singular formal you levez-vous alzisi llevi's levántese levante-se
Let's... levons-nous alziamoci llevem-nos levantémonos levantemo-nos
Plural familiar you levez-vous alzatevi lleveu-vos levantaos levantai-vos
Plural formal you levez-vous alzinosi llevin-se levántense levantem-se
Negative Imperative: don't get up          
Singular familiar you ne te lève pas non alzarti no et llevis no te levantes não te levantes
Singular formal you ne vous levez pas non alzisi no es llevi no se levante não se levante
Let's not... ne nous levons pas non alziamoci no ens llevem no nos levantemos não nos levantemos
Plural familiar you ne vous levez pas non alzatevi no es lleveu no os levantéis não vos levanteis
Plural formal you ne vous levez pas non alzinosi no es llevin no se levanten não se levantem
Gerund: getting up
Present Participle: getting up
en se levant
se levant
llevant-se levantándose levantando-se
Past Participle: gotten up levé(e)(s) alzato(a/i/e) llevat levantado levantado
Auxiliary verb used in perfect tenses être essere haver haber ter


The periphrastic past in Catalan is an alternative to the preterite. It is formed by using anar as an auxiliary verb followed by the infinitive.

vaig llevar-se
vas llevar-se
va llevar-se
vam llevar-se
vau llevar-se
van llevar-se

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

me levantara / me levantase
te levantaras / te levantases
se levantara / se levantase
nos levantáramos / nos levantásemos
os levantarais / os levantaseis
se levantaran / se levantasen

The future subjunctive is only used in formal or literary Spanish, but it is easy to conjugate since it is nearly identical to the imperfect subjunctive forms. The future subjunctive in Portuguese is very common and the same endings are used for the personal infinitive (see below).

Spanish Portuguese
me levantare me levantar
te levantares te levantares
se levantare se levantar
nos levantáremos nos levantarmos
os levantareis vos levantardes
se levantaren se levantarem

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.


There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)

me levantara
te levantaras
se levantara
nos levantáramos
vos levantáreis
se levantaram


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