Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Do/Make (faire / fare / fer / hacer / fazer)

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English French Italian Catalan Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to do/make faire fare fer hacer fazer
Present: do(es)/make(s) fais faccio faig hago faço
fais fai fas haces fazes
fait fa fa hace faz
faisons facciamo fem hacemos fazemos
faites fate feu hacéis fazeis
font fanno fan hacen fazem
Imperfect: did/made, usted to do/make faisais facevo feia hacía fazia
faisais facevi feies hacías fazias
faisait faceva feia hacía fazia
faisions facevamo fèiem hacíamos fazíamos
faisiez facevate fèieu hacíais fazíeis
faisaient facevano feien hacían faziam
Preterite: did/made fis feci fiu hice fiz
(rare in French or Italian speech) fis facesti feres hiciste fizeste
(alternative Catalan below) fit fece féu hizo fez
  fîmes facemmo férem hicimos fizemos
  fîtes faceste féreu hicisteis fizestes
  firent fecero feren hicieron fizeram
Future: will do/make ferai farò faré haré farei
feras farai faràs harás farás
fera farà farà hará fará
ferons faremo farem haremos faremos
ferez farete fareu haréis fareis
feront faranno faran harán farão
Conditional: would do/make ferais farei faria haría faria
ferais faresti faries harías farias
ferait farebbe faria haría faria
ferions faremmo faríem haríamos faríamos
feriez fareste farìeu haríais faríeis
feraient farebbero farien harían fariam
Present Subjunctive: do(es)/make(s) fasse faccia faci haga faça
fasses faccia facis hagas faças
fasse faccia faci haga faça
fassions facciamo fem hagamos façamos
fassiez facciate feu hagáis façais
fassent facciano facin hagan façam
Imperfect Subjunctive : did/made fisse facessi fes hiciera fizesse
(rare in French speech) fisses facessi fessis hicieras fizesses
(alternative Spanish below) fît facesse fes hiciera fizesse
  fissions facessimo féssim hiciéramos fizéssemos
  fissiez faceste féssiu hicierais fizésseis
  fissent facessero fessin hicieran fizessem
Affirmative Imperative: do/make
Singular familiar you fait fa' / fai fes haz faz
Singular formal you faites faccia faci haga faça
Let's... faisons facciamo fem hagamos façamos
Plural familiar you faites fate feu haced fazei
Plural formal you faites facciano facin hagan façam
Negative Imperative: don't do/make
Singular familiar you ne fait pas non fare no facis no hagas não faças
Singular formal you ne faites pas non faccia no faci no haga não faça
Let's not... ne faisons pas non facciamo no fem no hagamos não façamos
Plural familiar you ne faites pas non fate no feu no hagáis não façais
Plural formal you ne faites pas non facciano no facin no hagan não façam
Gerund: doing/making
Present Participle: doing/making
en faisant
fent haciendo fazendo
Past Participle: done/made fait fatto fet hecho feito
Auxiliary verb in perfect tenses avoir avere haver haber ter


The periphrastic past in Catalan is an alternative to the preterite. It is formed by using anar as an auxiliary verb followed by the infinitive.

vaig fer
vas fer
va fer
vam fer
vau fer
van fer

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

hiciera / hiciese
hicieras / hicieses
hiciera / hiciese
hiciéramos / hiciésemos
hicierais / hicieseis
hicieran / hiciesen

The future subjunctive is only used in formal or literary Spanish, but it is easy to conjugate since it is nearly identical to the imperfect subjunctive forms. The future subjunctive in Portuguese is very common and the same endings are used for the personal infinitive (see below).

Spanish Portuguese
hiciere fizer
hicieres fizeres
hiciere fizer
hiciéremos fizermos
hiciereis fizerdes
hicieren fizerem

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.


There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portuguese which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)



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