Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Come (venir / venire / venir / venir / vir)

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English French Italian Catalan Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to come venir venire venir venir vir
           
Present: come(s) viens vengo vinc vengo venho
viens vieni véns vienes vens
vient viene ve viene vem
venons veniamo venim venimos vimos
venez venite veniu venís vindes
viennent vengono vénen vienen vêm
           
Imperfect: came/used to come venais venivo venia venía vinha
venais venivi venies venías vinhas
venait veniva venia venía vinha
venions venivamo veníem veníamos vínhamos
veniez venivate veníeu veníais vínheis
venaient venivano venien venían vinham
           
Preterite: came vins venni vinguí vine vim
(rare in French or Italian speech) vins venisti vingueres viniste vieste
(alternative Catalan below) vint venne vingué vino veio
  vînmes venimmo vinguérem vinimos viemos
  vîntes veniste vinguéreu vinisteis viestes
  vinrent vennero vingueren vinieron vieram
           
Future: will come viendrai verrò vindré vendré virei
viendras verrai vindràs vendrás virás
viendra verrà vindrà vendrá virá
viendrons verremo vindrem vendremos viremos
viendrez verrete vindreu vendréis vireis
viendront verranno vindran vendrán virão
           
Conditional: would come viendrais verrei vindria vendría viria
viendrais verresti vindries vendrías virias
viendrait verrebbe vindria vendría viria
viendrions verremmo vindríem vendríamos viríamos
viendriez verreste vindríeu vendríais viríeis
viendraient verrebbero vindrien vendrían viriam
           
Present Subjunctive: come(s) vienne venga vingui venga venha
viennes venga vinguis vengas venhas
vienne venga vingui venga venhas
venions veniamo vinguem vengamos venhamos
veniez veniate vingueu vengáis venhais
viennent vengano vinguin vengan venham
           
Imperfect Subjunctive: came vinsse venissi vingués viniera viesse
(rare in French speech) vinsses venissi vinguessis vinieras viesses
(alternative Spanish below) vînt venisse vingués viniera viesse
  vinssions venissimo vinguéssim viniéramos viéssemos
  vinssiez veniste vinguéssiu vinierais viésseis
  vinssent venissero vinguessin vinieran viessem
           
Affirmative Imperative: come
Singular familiar you viens vieni vine ven vem
Singular formal you venez venga vingui venga venha
Let's... venons veniamo vinguem vengamos vehamos
Plural familiar you venez venite veniu venid vinde
Plural formal you venez vengano vinguin vengan venham
 
Negative Imperative: don't come
Singular familiar you ne viens pas non venire no vinguis no vengas não venhas
Singular formal you ne venez pas non venga no vingui no venga não venha
Let's not... ne venons pas non veniamo no vinguem no vengamos não venhamos
Plural familiar you ne venez pas non venite no vingueu no vengáis não venhais
Plural formal you ne venez pas non vengano no vinguin no vengan não venham
           
Gerund: coming
Present Participle: coming
en venant
venant
venendo
venente
venint viniendo vindo
Past Participle: come venu venuto vingut venido vindo
           
Auxiliary verb in perfect tenses être essere haver haber ter

 

The periphrastic past in Catalan is an alternative to the preterite. It is formed by using anar as an auxiliary verb followed by the infinitive.

vaig venir
vas venir
va venir
vam venir
vau venir
van venir

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

viniera / viniese
vinieras / vinieses
viniera / viniese
viniéramos / viniésemos
vinierais / vinieseis
vinieran / viniesen

The future subjunctive is only used in formal or literary Spanish, but it is easy to conjugate since it is nearly identical to the imperfect subjunctive forms. The future subjunctive in Portuguese is very common and the same endings are used for the personal infinitive (see below).

Spanish Portuguese
viniere vier
vinieres vieres
viniere vier
viniéremos viermos
viniereis vierdes
vinieren vierem

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.

vir
vires
vir
virmos
virdes
virem

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portuguese which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)

viera
vieras
viera
viéramos
viéreis
vieram

 


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