Portuguese Preterite Tense

Learn how to conjugate verbs in the preterite tense in Portuguese

Brazilian Portuguese Language Portuguese Language

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31. Portuguese Preterite Tense (Pretérito Perfeito)

The pretérito perfeito tense (preterite / simple past) expresses an action in the past. It is used to describe events that are finished or completed.  It is formed by adding these endings to the stem (remove -ar, -er, or -ir):

-ar verbs -er verbs -ir verbs
-ei -amos -i -emos -i -imos
-aste -astes -este -estes -iste -istes
-ou -aram -eu -eram -iu -iram

Vivi em Portugal por dois anos.  I lived in Portugal for two years.
Eles falaram com as crianças.  They spoke with the children.
Quem comeu o bolo de chocolate? Who ate the chocolate cake?

Some verbs are irregular in the preterite tense:

estar - to be
eu estive nós estivemos
tu estiveste vós estivestes
ele/ela/você esteve eles/elas/vocês estiveram

ter - to be
eu tive nós tivemos
tu tiveste vós tivestes
ele/ela/você teve eles/elas/vocês tiveram

fazer - to do
eu fiz nós fizemos
tu fizeste vós fizestes
ele/ela/você fez eles/elas/vocês fizeram

vir - to come
eu vim nós viemos
tu vieste vós viestes
ele/ela/você veio eles/elas/vocês vieram

ser - to be AND ir - to go
eu fui nós fomos
tu foste vós fostes
ele/ela/você foi eles/elas/vocês foram

saber - to know (facts)
eu soube nós soubemos
tu soubeste vós soubestes
ele/ela/você soube eles/elas/vocês souberam




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