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Depending on the verb tense, the Italian verb dovere can have many meanings in English:
|Ti devo quindici euro.
I owe you fifteen euros.
|present / imperfect
|to be supposed to
|Dovevano arrivare oggi.
They were supposed to arrive today.
|present + infinitive
|to have to, must
|Maria deve affittare la sua casa.
Maria has to rent out her house.
|present perfect + infinitive
|Abbiamo dovuto aspettare
tante ore, ma è valsa la pena.
We had to wait several hours, but it was worth it.
|will have to
|Ci dovrà andare alle undici.
He will have to go there at eleven.
|should, ought to
|Dovrei leggere tutto il libro?
Should I read the entire book?
|should have, ought to have
|Avreste dovuto vedere il film ieri sera.
You should have watched the movie last night.
|present + essere
|must be, is probably
|Deve essere malato.
He must be sick.
|present perfect / imperfect + essere
|must have been, was probably
|Hanno dovuto essere a scuola.
They must have been at school.
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