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Reflexive verbs express actions performed by the subject on the subject. These verbs are conjugated like regular verbs, but a reflexive pronoun precedes the verb form. This pronoun always agrees with the subject. In the infinitive form, reflexive verbs have -si attached to them with the final e dropped. Lavare is to wash, therefore lavarsi is to wash oneself. (Note that some verbs are reflexive in Italian, but not in English.)
Common reflexive verbs:
|to be satisfied with||accontentarsi di||to graduate (from college)||laurearsi|
|to fall asleep||addormentarsi||to wash up||lavarsi|
|to get up||alzarsi||to put on||mettersi|
|to be bored||annoiarsi||to get organized||organizzarsi|
|to get angry||arrabbiarsi||to make a reservation||prenotarsi|
|to be called||chiamarsi||to remember to||ricordarsi di|
|to forget to||dimenticarsi di||to make a mistake||sbagliarsi|
|to graduate (from high school)||diplomarsi||to feel (well, bad)||sentirsi (bene, male)|
|to have a good time||divertirsi||to specialize||specializzarsi|
|to shave (the face)||farsi la barba / radersi||to get married||sposarsi|
|to stop (oneself)||fermarsi||to wake up||svegliarsi|
|to complain about||lamentarsi di||to get dressed||vestirsi|
The plural reflexive pronouns (ci, vi, si) can also be used
with non-reflexive verbs to indicate a reciprocal action. These
verbs are called reciprocal verbs and are expressed by the words each
other in English.
|to embrace||abbracciarsi||to run into||incontrarsi|
|to help||aiutarsi||to fall in love with||innamorarsi|
|to kiss||baciarsi||to greet||salutarsi|
|to understand||capirsi||to write to||scriversi|
|to meet||conoscersi||to phone||telefonarsi|
|to exchange gifts||farsi regali||to see||vedersi|
|to look at||guardarsi|
Ci scriviamo ogni settimana. We write to each
other every week.
Vi vedete spesso? Do you see each other often?
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