Indonesian Family and Animals Vocabulary

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Indonesian Family Members

Mother Ibunda (very formal) / Bunda (formal) / Ibu (informal/familiar)

Father Ayahanda (very formal) / Ayah (formal) / Bapak (informal/familiar)

Elder sister / brother Kakak

Younger sister / brother Adik

Elder brother Kanda (very formal)

Younger sister Dinda (very formal)

Grandmother Nenek

Grandfather Kakek

Granddaughter / grandson Cucu

Husband Suami

Wife Istri

Daughter Putri

Son Putra

Aunt Bibi (vocative: Tante)

Uncle Paman (vocative: Om)

Cousin Sepupu

Nephew / niece Kemenakan (formal) / Keponakan (informal)

Mother-in-law Ibu mertua

Father-in-law Ayah mertua

Elder sister/brother-in-law Kakak ipar

Younger sister/brother-in-law Adik ipar

Stepmother Ibu tiri

Stepfather Ayah tiri

Step-eldersister/brother Kakak tiri

Step-younger sister/brother Adik tiri

Indonesian Animals

cat kucing

dog anjing (pejorative)

fish ikan

ant semut

rooster/hen ayam

cow sapi

goat kambing

bee lebah

bird burung

rabbit kelinci

elephant gajah

giraffe jerapah

frog katak (ameliorative) / kodok (pejorative)

snake ular

sheep biri-biri

butterfly kupu-kupu

spider laba-laba


'anjing' can also means a kind of profanity. So, be careful if you want to say it to an Indonesian.

Biri-biri, kupu-kupu, and laba-laba do not have plural forms. But they are always written/spoken twice like that, not biri, kupu, or laba. I don't know why, but that's what I learned in kindergarten.


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