Germanic Languages Comparative Vocabulary: Pronouns

Learn the personal pronouns in German, Dutch, and Afrikaans


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English German Dutch Afrikaans
I ich ik ('k) ek
you (sing, inf) du jij (je) jy
you (sing, for) Sie u u
he er hij (ie) hy
she sie zij (ze) sy
it (masc / common) er hij (ie) dit
it (fem / common) sie zij (ze) dit
it (neuter) es het ('t) dit
one man men mens
we wir wij (we) ons
you (plur, inf) ihr jullie julle
you (plur, for) Sie u u
they sie zij (ze) hulle
me mich mij (me) my
you (sing, inf) dich jou (je) jou
you (sing, for) Sie u u
him ihn hem ('m) hom
her Sie haar (d'r/'r) haar
it es het ('t) dit
us uns ons ons
you (plur, inf) euch jullie (je) julle
you (plur, for) Sie u u
them sie hen (ze) hulle
me mir mij (me) my
you (sing, inf) dir jou (je) jou
you (sing, for) Ihnen u u
him ihm hem ('m) hom
her ihr haar (d'r/'r) haar
it ihm het ('t) dit
us uns ons ons
you (plur, inf) euch jullie (je) julle
you (plur, for) Ihnen u u
them ihnen hun (ze) hulle
myself mich / mir mij (me) my
yourself (sing, inf) dich / dir jou (je) jou
yourself (sing, for) sich u / zich u
himself / itself sich zich hom
herself / itself sich zich haar
ourselves uns ons ons
yourselves (plur, inf) euch jullie (je) julle
yourselves (plur, for) sich u / zich u
themselves sich zich hulle


The words in parentheses are the informal forms common in everyday speech and informal writing, and are spelled somewhat phonetically. In Dutch, masculine and feminine nouns have combined into one form: common. As for German reflexive pronouns, mich and dich are the accusative forms and mir and dir are the dative forms.

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