Germanic Languages Comparative Vocabulary: Possessive Adjectives & Pronouns

Learn the possessive adjectives and pronouns in German, Dutch, and Afrikaans


back to list of categories

Click a button to hide or show that language:

Click in the first row and drag left or right to change the order of the columns.

English German Dutch Afrikaans
my mein / meine mijn my
your (sing, inf) dein / deine jouw (je) jou
your (sing, for) Ihr / Ihre uw u
his sein / seine zijn sy
her ihr / ihre haar haar
its sein / seine zijn sy
our unser / unsere ons / onze ons
your (plur, inf) euer / eure jullie (je) julle (jul)
your (plur, for) Ihr / Ihre uw u
their ihr / ihre hun hulle (hul)
mine mein / meine de / het mijne myne
yours (sing, inf) dein / deine de / het jouwe joune
yours (sing, for) Ihr / Ihre de / het uwe u s'n
his sein / seine de / het zijne syne
hers ihr / ihre de / het hare hare
its sein / seine de / het zijne syne
ours unser / unsere de / het onze ons s'n
yours (plur, inf) euer / eure van jou julle s'n
yours (plur, for) Ihr / Ihre de / het uwe u s'n
theirs ihr / ihre de / het hunne hulle s'n


German possessive adjectives must change according to gender, number and case. The forms given above are masculine and neuter nominative / feminine and plural nominative.

In Dutch, ons is used with singular neuter nouns, and onze is used with singular common nouns and all plural nouns. The words in parentheses in Dutch and Afrikaans are the unstressed forms found in informal speech and writing.

Notice that the definite article is required for Dutch possessive pronouns and that there is no possessive pronoun corresponding to the adjective jullie. The phrase van jou is used instead (literally, of you).

Buy language tutorials

If you enjoy the tutorials, then please consider buying French, Informal French, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, or Dutch Language Tutorials as a PDF e-book with free mp3s and free lifetime updates.

Buy French Tutorial

Buy Informal French

Both French e-books

Buy Italian Tutorial

Buy Spanish Tutorial

Buy German Tutorial

Buy Swedish Tutorial

Buy Dutch Tutorial

Please consider sending a donation of any amount to help support Thank you!


Return to top of page

Learn languages with videos and subtitles at FluentU

FluentU offers authentic videos in French, Spanish, German, English, Chinese and Japanese. Learn from captions and translations and enjoy access to ALL languages!

Learn languages with videos and subtitles at Yabla

Learn Spanish, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and English with authentic videos by Yabla that include subtitles and translations.

Learn languages by reading Interlinear Books

Learn to read languages with interlinear bilingual books that include the original language and an English translation below in a smaller font.

Udemy Language Learning Courses

Hundreds of free and paid online language learning video courses at Udemy. By native speakers and experts, from Arabic to Zulu.

© Copyright 1997 - 2023 by Dr. Wagner About | Blog | Affiliate Program | Disclaimer | Privacy Policy