German Verbs Be, Have, and Become

Learn the present and past tenses of be, have, and become in German

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German To Be, to Have, & to Become

sein - to be (zine)

I am ich bin ikh bin I was ich war ikh var
you are (familiar) du bist doo bihst you were (familiar) du warst doo varst
he/she/it is er/sie/es ist air/zee/ess isst he/she/it was er/sie/es war air/zee/es var
we are wir sind veer zint we were wir waren veer vah-ren
you (plural) are ihr seid eer zide you (plural) were ihr wart eer vart
they/you (formal) are sie/Sie sind zee zint they/you (formal) were sie/Sie waren zee vah-ren


haben - to have (hah-ben

I have ich habe hah-buh I had ich hatte hah-tuh
you have du hast hahst you had du hattest hah-test
he/she/it has er/sie/es hat haht he/she/it had er/sie/es hatte hah-tuh
we have wir haben hah-ben we had wir hatten hah-ten
you have ihr habt hahbt you had ihr hattet hah-tet
they/you have sie/Sie haben hah-ben they/you had sie/Sie hatten hah-ten


werden - to become (vair-den)

I become ich werde vair-duh I became ich wurde voor-duh
you become du wirst veerst you became du wurdest voor-dest
he/she/it becomes er/sie/es wird veert he/she/it became er/sie/es wurde voor-duh
we become wir werden vair-den we became wir wurden voor-den
you become ihr werdet vair-det you became ihr wurdet voor-det
they/you become sie/Sie werden vair-den they/you became sie/Sie wurden voor-den

Haben is frequently used in expressions that would normally take to be in English.
Ich habe Hunger. = I am hungry.
Ich hatte Durst. = I was thirsty.
Ich habe Langeweile. = I am bored.
Ich hatte Heimweh. = I was homesick.
Ich habe Angst. = I am afraid.

In everyday speech, the final -e on the ich conjugations can be dropped: ich hab' or hab' ich

The verb werden is also used in the future tense to mean will.


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