Dutch Verbs Be and Have - Zijn and Hebben

Learn how to conjugate zijn and hebben in the present and past tenses in Dutch

The Netherlands  Belgium  Suriname

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Dutch Verbs To Be & to Have - Zijn and Hebben


Present tense of zijn - to be (zayn)

I am ik ben ik ben we are wij zijn vay zayn
you are jij / u bent yay / ew bent you are jullie zijn yew-lee zayn
he, she, it is hij, zij, het is hay, zay, ut is they are zij zijn zay zayn

Present tense of hebben - to have (heh-buhn)

I have ik heb ik hep we have wij hebben vay heh-buhn
you have jij / u hebt yay / ew hept you have jullie hebben yew-lee heh-buhn
he, she, it is hij, zij, het heeft hay, zay, ut hayft they have zij hebben zay heh-buhn

U heeft rather than u hebt is also possible.

Past tense of zijn - to be (zayn)

I was ik was ik vas we were wij waren vay vah-ruhn
you were jij / u was yay / ew vas you were jullie waren yew-lee vah-ruhn
he, she, it was hij, zij, het was hay, zay, ut vas they were zij waren zay vah-ruhn

Past tense of hebben - to have (heh-buhn)

I had ik had ik haht we had wij hadden vay hah-duhn
you had jij / u had yay / ew haht you had jullie hadden yew-lee hah-duhn
he, she, it had hij, zij, het had hay, zay, ut haht they had zij hadden zay hah-duhn

You must use the subject pronouns; however, I will leave them out of future conjugations since most verbs only have two forms for each conjugation.

Expressions with zijn and hebben:

Het/dat is jammer - It's/that's a pity
jarig zijn - to have a birthday
kwijt zijn - to have lost
op het punt staan - to be about to
van plan zijn - to intend
voor elkaar zijn - to be in order
honger / dorst hebben - to be hungry / thirsty
gelijk hebben - to be right
haast hebben - to be in a hurry
het hebben over - to talk about
het druk hebben - to be busy
het koud hebben / warm - to be cold / warm
last hebben van - to be bothered by
nodig hebben - to need
slaap hebben - to be sleepy
zin hebben in - to feel like


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