The verbs be and have in Danish are very simple to conjugate, as are all verbs in Danish. All the forms are the same for each personal pronoun. The infinitive of the verb to be is at være, and the conjugated present tense form is er and the past tense is var. The infinitive of the verb to have is at have, and the conjugated present tense form is har and the past tense is havde.
at være - to be
|I am||jeg er||I was||jeg var|
|you are||du er||you were||du var|
|he is||han er||he was||han var|
|she is||hun er||she was||hun var|
|it is||den er||it was||den var|
|it is||det er||it was||det var|
|one is||man er||one was||man var|
|we are||vi er||we were||vi var|
|you are||De er||you were||De var|
|they are||de er||they were||de var|
at have - to have
|I have||jeg har||I had||jeg havde|
|you have||du har||you had||du havde|
|he has||han har||he had||han havde|
|she has||hun har||she had||hun havde|
|it has||den har||it had||den havde|
|it has||det har||it had||det havde|
|one has||man har||one had||man havde|
|we have||vi har||we had||vi havde|
|you have||De har||you had||De havde|
|they have||de har||they had||de havde|
To form the future tense of verbs, just add vil before the infinitive. Jeg vil være= I will be; hun vil have = she will have; etc. However, the present tense can often be used with adverbs of time to indicate the future. The word skal can also be used in place of vil, but this implies a promise rather than a general future condition.
To make a sentence negative, simply add ikke after the verb. If there is a modal verb and a main verb (such as vil and an infinitive), ikke goes between these two verbs. In addition, if you answer "yes" to a negative question, you must use jo instead of ja.
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