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Nouns in Afrikaans are similar to English because they have no gender and no cases. The is translated by die in both the singular and plural while a or an is translated by 'n. There is no plural indefinite article. ('n is pronounced as a schwa, i.e. "uh" as in the last syllable of sofa)
|die boek||the book||'n boek||a book|
|die boeke||the books||boeke||books|
Die vrug is duur. The fruit is expensive.
Die seun sien ‘n meisie. The boy sees a girl.
Hy gee vir haar ‘n blom. He gives her a flower.
|hierdie boek||this book||daardie boek||that book|
|hierdie boeke||these books||daardie boeke||those books|
The word dié can be used in place of hierdie for this/these.
To indicate possession, se is used after the noun just like 's in English.
Jack se boek Jack’s book
Piet se boek Piet’s book
Add an -e or -s to pluralize the noun in Afrikaans. In addition, some nouns add 's if they end in an accentuated a, o, or u.
As a general rule, -e is the most common plural marker. Some words ending in a consonant must double it before adding -e to reflect the short vowel sound, while others that have double vowels must drop one before adding -e.
If the noun ends in -l, -m or -r then adding an -s usually produces the plural, but this is not always the case. There are also some irregular plural forms that need to be memorized.
|Afrikaans singular - plural||English singular - plural|
|vriend - vriende||friend - friends (masc.)|
|kat - katte||cat - cats|
|hond - honde||dog - dogs|
|aap - ape||monkey - monkeys|
|leeu - leeus||lion - lions|
|foto - foto's||photo - photos|
|vrou - vrouens||woman - women|
|kind - kinders||child - children|
|musikus - musici||musician - musicians|
|teoretikus - teoretici||theorist - theorists|
|aanbod - aanbiedinge||supply - supplies|
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