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Modal verbs are also called helping or auxiliary verbs. They are used with other verbs to complete the meaning of the sentence. Some modal verbs use the simple past/preterite tense instead of the present perfect to express the past tense, just like wees which has a past form of was.
|be able to / can||kan||may / be allowed to||mag|
|could||kon||would like||wil graag|
|have to / must||moet||would rather||sal liewer|
|must not / don't||moenie||had better||moet liewer / beter|
|don't have / don't need to||hoef nie||think||dink|
|want to||wil||thought||dag / dog|
|wanted to||wou||thought (of someone)||het...gedink|
|would||sou||should / ought to||behoort|
The modals kan, mag, moet, wil, and sal do not require om te before an infinitive, but behoort, durf, and hoef do require te only.
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