Turkish Present Tense of Verbs

Learn how to conjugate verbs in the present tense in Turkish

Turkish Flag

This tutorial was written by Ömer & Mehmet Sener. If you are interested in authentic uses of language, go to Turkish realia for photos taken in Turkey.

Need more Turkish? Try the Turkish courses at Udemy and the audio and video lessons at TurkishClass101.com


Present Tense of Verbs in Turkish

The Turkish Present Tense covers the uses of the Present Continuous Tense in English. Furthermore, it also covers some uses of the Simple Present Tense, especially in the oral language. It is constructed by adding the suffixes above to the verb stem. Yet, a vowel that connects the verb stem to the suffix is added in between, following the rules of Vowel Harmony. The construction is the same with the suffix “to be”.

 

-yorum I am ___ing  -yoruz we are ___ing 
-yorsun  you are ___ing (sing.)  -yorsunuz you are ___ing (plural) 
-yor he / she / it is ___ing  -yorlar they are ___ing 

 

If the last vowel (or the only vowel) of the verb stem is a or ı, then the vowel is ı, making –ıyor.

açmak “to open” aç- >> aç + ı + yor >> açıyor “he/she/it is opening”

If the last vowel of the verb stem is o or u, then the vowel is u, making –uyor.

olmak “to become, to happen” ol- >> ol + u + yor >> oluyor “it is happening”

If the last vowel of the verb stem is e or i, then the vowel is i, making –iyor.

içmek “to drink” iç- >> iç + i + yor >> içiyor “he/she/it is drinking”

If the last vowel of the verb stem is ö or ü, then the vowel is ü, making –üyor.

gülmek “to laugh” gül- >> gül + ü + yor >> gülüyor “he/she/it is laughing”

Verb stems ending in a vowel either drop this vowel to avoid vowel clusters,

anlamak “to understand” anla- >> anl + ı + yor >> anlıyor “he/she/it understands”

Or the final vowel mingles with the vowel and they become one. This happens if the final vowel is u, ü, ı or i.

okumak “to read / to study” oku- >> ok + u + yor >> okuyor “he/she/it is reading”

In all cases the ending –yor and the personal suffixes always remain the same in all verbs in the Present Tense.

Ne yapıyorsun? What are you doing?
Şimdi uyuyor. He/she/it is sleeping now.
Yunus Emre’yi tanıyorum. I know Yunus Emre.
Hemen geliyorum. I’m coming right now.

The verbs gitmek (to go) and etmek (to do) go through a consonant mutation when conjugated. The final consonant of the verb stem t softens to d. 

git- >> gid + i + yor >> gidiyor “he/she/it is going” 
et- >> ed + i + yor >> ediyor “he/she/it is doing”

 


 

 

Turkish Phrases, Vocabulary and Grammar



Buy ielanguages.com language tutorials

If you enjoy the tutorials, then please consider buying French, Informal French, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, or Dutch Language Tutorials as a PDF e-book with free mp3s and free lifetime updates.

Buy French Tutorial

Buy Informal French

Both French e-books

Buy Italian Tutorial

Buy Spanish Tutorial

Buy German Tutorial

Buy Swedish Tutorial

Buy Dutch Tutorial





Please consider sending a donation of any amount to help support ielanguages.com. Thank you!

Donate




Return to top of page






Learn languages with videos and subtitles at FluentU

FluentU offers authentic videos in French, Spanish, German, English, Chinese and Japanese. Learn from captions and translations and enjoy access to ALL languages!

Learn languages with videos and subtitles at Yabla

Learn Spanish, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and English with authentic videos by Yabla that include subtitles and translations.



Learn languages by reading Interlinear Books

Learn to read languages with interlinear bilingual books that include the original language and an English translation below in a smaller font.

Udemy Language Learning Courses

Hundreds of free and paid online language learning video courses at Udemy. By native speakers and experts, from Arabic to Zulu.






© Copyright 1997 - 2016 by Dr. Jennifer Wagner About | Contact | Blog | Blog RSS | Affiliate Program | Disclaimer | Privacy Policy