Swedish Plural Nouns

Learn how to form plural nouns in Swedish

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Swedish Plural Nouns


An en word takes one of the following endings when it is pluralized: or, ar, er. An ett word takes an n or no ending at all.

Indefinite Plural

En words that end in -a
drop -a and add -or
en klocka - klockor
a watch - (some) watches
En words that end in -e
drop -e and add -ar
en pojke - pojkar
a boy - (some) boys
En words with stress on last vowel
add -er
en kamrat - kamrater
a friend - (some) friends
Ett words that end in a vowel
add -n
ett ställe - ställen
a place - (some) places
Ett words that end in a consonant
no ending
ett rum - rum
a room - (some) rooms

To form the definite plural, you must first form the indefinite plural and then add these endings to that word.

Indef. Plural En words add -na klockor - klockorna (some) watches - the watches
Indef. Plural Ett words that end in a vowel add -a ställen - ställena (some) places - the places
Indef. Plural Ett words that end in a consonant add -en rum - rummen (some) rooms - the rooms

There are some nouns that change their vowel in the plural. These nouns usually take the -er ending when forming the indefinite plural.

en natt - nätter a night - nights en bonde - bönder a farmer - farmers
en stad - städer a town - towns en ledamot - ledamöter a member - members
en hand - händer a hand - hands en fot - fötter a foot - feet
en tand - tänder a tooth - teeth en rot - rötter a root - roots
en strand - stränder a beach - beaches en bok - böcker a book - books
en rand - ränder a stripe - stripes en man - män a man - men
ett land - länder a country - countries mannen - männen the man - the men

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