Free Spanish I Tutorial: Basic Spanish Phrases, Vocabulary and Grammar

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Basic Spanish Phrases Spanish Flashcards of Basic Phrases Exercises of Spanish Basic Phrases

If you'd like to study these phrases (and their pronunciations) individually, please go to Basic Spanish Phrases.

 

¡Buenos días! 
bway-nohs dee-ahs 
Hello! / Good morning!
¡Buenas tardes! 
bway-nahs tard-ays 
Good afternoon!
¡Buenas noches! 
bway-nahs noh-chays 
Good evening! / Good night!
¡Hola! / ¡Chao!
oh-lah / chow
Hi! / Bye!
Adiós. 
ah-dee-ohs 
Good bye.
Por favor. 
por fah-bor 
Please.
Hasta la vista / Hasta luego. 
ah-stah lah vees-tah / ah-stah loo-ay-go 
See you / See you later.
Hasta pronto. 
ah-stah prohn-toh 
See you soon.
Hasta mañana. 
ah-stah mahn-yahn-ah 
See you tomorrow.
(Muchas) Gracias. 
(moo-chahs) grah-see-ahs 
Thank you (very much).
De nada.
day nah-dah
You're welcome.
Bienvenidos
byen-veh-nee-dohs
Welcome
Lo siento
loh see-ehn-toh
I'm sorry
Con permiso / Perdón / Disculpe
kohn pehr-mee-soh / pehr-dohn / dees-kool-peh
Excuse me / Pardon me
¡Vamos!
bah-mohs
Let's go!
¿Cómo está usted? 
koh-moh ay-stah oo-sted 
How are you? (formal)
¿Cómo estás? 
koh-moh ay-stahs 
How are you? (informal)
¿Qué tal? 
kay tahl 
How's it going?
Bien / Muy bien 
bee-ehn / moy bee-ehn 
Good / Very good
Mal / Muy mal / Más o menos 
mahl / moy mahl / mahs oh may-nohs 
Bad / Very bad / OK
Sí / No
see / noh
Yes / No
¿Cómo se llama usted? 
koh-moh say yah-mah oo-sted 
What is your name? (formal)
¿Cómo te llamas? 
koh-moh tay yah-mahs 
What is your name? (informal)
Me llamo...  / Mi nombre es...
may yah-moh  / mee nohm-breh ess
My name is...
Mucho gusto. / Encantado.
moo-choh goo-stoh / en-cahn-tah-doh
Nice to meet you.
Igualmente.
ee-guahl-mehn-tay
Same here. / Same to you.
Señor / Señora / Señorita 
sayn-yor / sayn-yor-ah / sayn-yor-ee-tah 
Mister / Mrs. / Miss
¿De dónde es usted? 
day dohn-day ehs oo-sted 
Where are you from? (formal)
¿De dónde eres? 
day dohn-day eh-rehs 
Where are you from? (informal)
Yo soy de... 
yoh soy day 
I'm from...
¿Cuántos años tiene usted? 
quahn-tohs ahn-yohs tee-ay-nay oo-sted 
How old are you? (formal)
¿Cuántos años tienes? 
quahn-tohs ahn-yohs tee-ayn-ays 
How old are you? (informal)
Yo tengo _____ años. 
yoh tayn-goh _____ ahn-yohs 
I am _____ years old.
¿Habla usted español?
ah-blah oo-sted eh-spahn-yol
Do you speak Spanish? (formal)
¿Hablas inglés?
ah-blahs een-glehs
Do you speak English? (informal)
(No) Hablo...
noh ah-bloh
I (don't) speak...
¿Entiende usted? / ¿Entiendes?
ehn-tyen-deh oo-sted / ehn-tyen-dehs
Do you understand? (formal / informal)
(No) Entiendo.
noh ehn-tyen-doh
I (don't) understand.
Yo (no lo) sé.
yoh noh loh seh
I (don't) know.
¿Puede ayudarme?
pweh-deh ah-yoo-dar-meh
Can you help me? (formal)
Claro / Claro que sí
klah-roh / klah-roh keh see
Sure / Of course
¿Cómo?
koh-moh
What? Pardon me?
¿Dónde está / Dónde están... ?
dohn-deh eh-stah / dohn-deh eh-stahn
Where is ... / Where are ... ?
Aquí / Ahí
ah-kee / ah-ee
Here / There
Hay / Había...
eye / ah-bee-ah
There is / are... / There was / were...
¿Cómo se dice ____ en español?
koh-moh seh dee-seh ___ en eh-spahn-yol
How do you say ____ in Spanish?
¿Qué es esto?
keh ehs ehs-toh
What is that?
¿Qué te pasa?
keh teh pah-sah
What's the matter (with you)?
No importa.
noh eem-por-tah
It doesn't matter.
¿Qué pasa?
keh pah-sah
What's happening?
Sin novedad.
seen noh-veh-dahd
Nothing much.
No tengo ninguna idea.
noh tehn-goh neen-goo-nah ee-deh-ah
I have no idea.
¡Buena idea!
bweh-nah ee-deh-ah
Good idea!
¡Pase!
pah-seh
Go ahead!
Estoy cansado / enfermo.
eh-stoy kahn-sah-doh / ehn-fehr-moh
I'm tired / sick.
Tengo hambre / sed.
tehn-goh ahm-breh / sed
I'm hungry / thirsty.
Tengo calor / frío.
tehn-goh kah-lohr / free-oh
I'm hot / cold.
Estoy aburrido.
eh-stoy ah-boo-ree-doh
I'm bored.
No me importa.
noh meh eem-por-tah
I don't care.
No se preocupe.
noh seh preh-oh-koo-peh
Don't worry
Está bien.
ehs-tah bee-ehn
That's alright. / It's ok.
Me olvidé.
meh ohl-vee-deh
I forgot.
Tengo que ir ahora.
tehn-goh keh eer ah-oh-rah
I must go now.
¿Listo?
lees-toh
Ready?
Quizás / Depende.
kee-sahs / deh-pehn-deh
Maybe / It depends.
Todavía no.
toh-dah-vee-ah noh
Not yet.
¡Qué chistoso!
keh chees-toh-soh
How funny!
¡Que le vaya bien!
keh leh vah-yah bee-ehn
Have a nice day!
¡Nos vemos!
nohs veh-mos
We'll see you!
¡Salud!
sah-lood
Bless you!
¡Felicitaciones!
feh-lee-see-tah-see-oh-nehs
Congratulations!
¡Buena suerte!
bweh-nah swehr-teh
Good luck!
Te toca a ti.
teh toh-kah ah tee
It's your turn. (informal)
¡Callate!
kah-yah-teh
Shut up!
Te amo. 
tay ah-moh 
I love you. (informal and singular)

 

  1. Notice that Spanish has informal and formal ways of speaking. This is because there is more than one meaning to "you" in Spanish (as well as in many other languages.) The informal you is used when talking to close friends, relatives, animals or children. The formal you is used when talking to someone you just met, do not know well, or someone for whom you would like to show respect (a professor, for example.)

  2. Encantado, cansado, enfermo, and aburrido are the masculine forms of the words. If the words refer to a woman or are spoken by a woman, then the final o changes to a: encantada, cansada, enferma, and aburrida

  3. In Spain, as well as Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela, the Spanish language is called castellano instead of español.

  4. Por favor is often shortened to just porfa. Porfis can also be used (at least in Mexico) to mean pretty please.

  5. Please keep in mind that because Spanish is spoken in many countries, there are several regional dialects and accents so pronunciation rules may not apply to all countries. This tutorial is mostly concerned with the standardized varieties that are spoken in Mexico and northern/central Spain, but will also include common variants from other countries and/or regions. (The southern region of Spain, Andalucía, and the Canary Islands, exhibit features that are closer to Latin American Spanish.)


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