Spanish Possessives

How to show possession in Spanish


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Spanish Possessive Adjectives

 

Initial Forms

Terminal Forms

    singular plural singular plural
yo my mi mis mío
mía
míos
mías
tú / vos your tu tus tuyo
tuya
tuyos
tuyas
él / ella ; usted his / her / its ; your su sus suyo
suya
suyos
suyas
nosotros / nosotras our nuestro
nuestra
nuestros
nuestras
nuestro
nuestra
nuestros
nuestras
vosotros / vosotras your vuestro
vuestra
vuestros
vuestras
vuestro
vuestra
vuestros
vuestras
ellos / ellas ; ustedes their ; your su sus suyo
suya
suyos
suyas

 

Remember that vuestro forms are only used in northern/central Spain. Only nuestro and vuestro change for gender (masculine -o becomes feminine -a) in the initial forms.

Su and sus are the possessive adjective for only the usted form (singular you) in Latin America. For his, her, its, your (plural), and their, use de + the subject pronoun after the noun.

los libros de ellos  their books (literally: the books of they)

The terminal forms are placed after the noun, and the noun must be preceded by the definite article, except in direct address.  When used with the indefinite article, it corresponds to the English "of mine, of yours," etc.

el libro mío  my book
un amigo mío  a friend of mine

 




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