Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Read (lire / leggere / leer / ler)

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English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to read lire leggere leer ler
         
Present lis leggo leo leio
  lis leggi lees lês
  lit legge lee
  lisons leggiamo leemos lemos
  lisez leggete leéis ledes
  lisent leggono leen leem
         
Imperfect lisais leggevo leía lia
  lisais leggevi leías lias
  lisait leggeva leía lia
  lisions leggevamo leíamos líamos
  lisiez leggevate leíais líeis
  lisaient leggevano leían liam
         
Preterite / Simple Past lus lessi leí li
(rare in French or Italian speech) lus leggesti leíste leste
lut lesse leyó leu
lûmes leggemmo leímos lemos
lûtes leggeste leísteis lestes
lurent lessero leyeron leram
         
Future lirai leggerò leeré lerei
liras leggerai leerás lerás
lira leggerà leerá lerá
lirons leggeremo leeremos leremos
lirez leggerete leeréis lereis
liront leggeranno leerán lerão
         
Conditional lirais leggerei leería leria
lirais leggeresti leerías lerias
lirait leggerebbe leería leria
lirions leggeremmo leeríamos leríamos
liriez leggereste leeríais leríeis
liraient leggerebbero leerían leriam
         
Present Subjunctive lise legga lea leia
lises legga leas leias
lise legga lea leia
lisions leggiamo leamos leiamos
lisiez leggiate leáis leiais
lisent leggano lean leiam
         
Imperfect Subjunctive lusse leggessi
leyera lesse
(rare in French speech) lusses leggessi
leyeras lesses
(alternative Spanish below) lût leggesse leyera lesse
  lussions leggessimo leyéramos lêssemos
  lussiez leggeste leyerais lêsseis
  lussent leggessero leyeran lessem
         
Future Subjunctive     leyere ler
(rare in Spanish speech)     leyeres leres
(no French or Italian)     leyere ler
      leyéremos lermos
      leyereis lerdes
      leyeren lerem
         
Affirmative Imperative        
Singular familiar you lis leggi lee
Singular formal you lisez legga lea leia
Let's... lisons leggiamo leamos leiamos
Plural familiar you lisez leggete leed lede
Plural formal you lisez leggano lean leiam
       
Negative Imperative        
Singular familiar you ne lis pas non legere no leas não leias
Singular formal you ne lisez pas non legga no lea não leia
Let's not... ne lisons pas non leggiamo no leamos não leiamos
Plural familiar you ne lisez pas non leggete no leáis não leiais
Plural formal you ne lisez pas non leggano no lean não leiam
         
Gerund lisant leggendo leyendo lendo
Present Participle lisant leggente leyendo lendo
Past Participle lu letto leído lido
         
Auxiliary verb used in perfect tenses avoir avere haber ter

 

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

leyera / leyese
leyeras / leyeses
leyera / leyese
leyéramos / leyésemos
leyerais / leyeseis
leyeran / leyesen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)

lera
leras
lera
lêramos
lêreis
leram

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.

ler
leres
ler
lermos
lerdes
lerem


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