Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Get Up (se lever / alzarsi / levantarse / levantar-se)

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English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to get up se lever alzarsi levantarse levantar-se
         
Present me lève mi alzo me  levanto levanto-me
  te lève ti alzi te  levantas levantas-te
  se lève si alza se  levanta levanta-se
  nous levons ci alziamo nos levantamos levantamo-nos
  vous levez vi alzate os  levantáis levantais-vos
  se lèvent si alzano se  levantan levantam-se
         
Imperfect me levais mi alzavo me  levantaba levantava-me
  te levais ti alzavi te  levantabas levantavas-te
  se levait si alzava se  levantaba levantava-se
  nous levions ci alzavamo nos levantábamos levantávamo-nos
  vous leviez vi alzavate os  levantabais levantáveis-vos
  se levaient si alzavano se  levantaban levantavam-se
         
Preterite / Simple Past me levai mi alzai me  levanté levantei-me
(rare in French or Italian speech) te levas ti alzasti te  levantaste levantaste-te
se leva si alzò se  levantó levantou-se
nous levâmes ci alzammo nos levantamos levantámos-nos
vous levâtes vi alzaste os  levantasteis levantastes-vos
se levèrent si alzarono se  levantaron levantaram-se
         
Future me leverai mi alzerò me  levantaré levantar-me-ei
te leveras ti alzerai te  levantarás levantar-te-ás
se levera si alzerà se  levantará levantar-se-á
nous leverons ci alzeremo nos levantaremos levantar-nos-emos
vous leverez vi alzerete os  levantaréis levantar-vos-eis
se leveront si alzeranno se  levantarán levantar-se-ão
         
Conditional me leverais mi alzerei me  levantaría levantar-me-ia
te leverais ti alzeresti te  levantarías levantar-te-ias
se leverait si alzerebbe se  levantaría levantar-se-ia
nous leverions ci alzeremmo nos levantaríamos levantar-nos-íamos
vous leveriez vi alzereste os  levantaríais levantar-vos-íeis
se leveraient si alzerebbero se  levantarían levantar-se-iam
         
Present Subjunctive me lève mi alzi me  levante me levante
te lève ti alzi te  levantes te levantes
se lève si alzi se  levante se levante
nous levions ci alziamo nos levantemos nos levantemos
vous leviez vi alziate os  levantéis vos levanteis
se lèvent si alzino se  levanten se levantem
         
Imperfect Subjunctive me levasse mi alzassi me levantara me levantasse
(rare in French speech) te levasses ti alzassi te levantaras te levantasses
(alternative Spanish below) se levât si alzasse se levantara se levantasse
  nous levassions ci alzassimo nos levantáramos nos levantássemos
  vous levassiez voi alzaste os levantarais vos levantásseis
  se levassent si alzassero se levantaran se levantassem
         
Future Subjunctive     me levantare me levantar
(rare in Spanish speech)     te levantares te levantares
(no French or Italian)     se levantare se levantar
      nos levantáremos nos levantarmos
      os levantareis vos levantardes
      se levantaren se levantarem
         
Affirmative Imperative        
Singular familiar you lève-toi alzati levántate levanta-te
Singular formal you levez-vous alzisi levántese levante-se
Let's... levons-nous alziamoci levantémonos levantemo-nos
Plural familiar you levez-vous alzatevi levantaos levantai-vos
Plural formal you levez-vous alzinosi levántense levantem-se
       
Negative Imperative        
Singular familiar you ne te lève pas non alzarti no te levantes não te levantes
Singular formal you ne vous levez pas non alzisi no se levante não se levante
Let's not... ne nous levons pas non alziamoci no nos levantemos não nos levantemos
Plural familiar you ne vous levez pas non alzatevi no os levantéis não vos levanteis
Plural formal you ne vous levez pas non alzinosi no se levanten não se levantem
         
Gerund se levant alzandosi levantándose levantando-se
Present Participle se levant alzantesi levantándose levantando-se
Past Participle levé(e)(s) alzato(a/i/e) levantado levantado
         
Auxiliary verb used in perfect tenses être essere haber ter

 

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

me levantara / me levantase
te levantaras / te levantases
se levantara / se levantase
nos levantáramos / nos levantásemos
os levantarais / os levantaseis
se levantaran / se levantasen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)

me levantara
te levantaras
se levantara
nos levantáramos
vos levantáreis
se levantaram

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.

levantar-me
levantares-te
levantar-se
levantarmo-nos
levantardes-vos
levantarem-se


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