Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Come (venir / venire / venir / vir)

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English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to come venir venire venir vir
         
Present viens vengo vengo venho
viens vieni vienes vens
vient viene viene vem
venons veniamo venimos vimos
venez venite venís vindes
viennent vengono vienen vêm
         
Imperfect venais venivo venía vinha
venais venivi venías vinhas
venait veniva venía vinha
venions venivamo veníamos vínhamos
veniez venivate veníais vínheis
venaient venivano venían vinham
         
Preterite / Simple Past vins venni vine vim
(rare in French or Italian speech) vins venisti viniste vieste
  vint venne vino veio
  vînmes venimmo vinimos viemos
  vîntes veniste vinisteis viestes
  vinrent vennero vinieron vieram
         
Future viendrai verrò vendré virei
viendras verrai vendrás virás
viendra verrà vendrá virá
viendrons verremo vendremos viremos
viendrez verrete vendréis vireis
viendront verranno vendrán virão
         
Conditional viendrais verrei vendría viria
viendrais verresti vendrías virias
viendrait verrebbe vendría viria
viendrions verremmo vendríamos viríamos
viendriez verreste vendríais viríeis
viendraient verrebbero vendrían viriam
         
Present Subjunctive vienne venga venga venha
viennes venga vengas venhas
vienne venga venga venhas
venions veniamo vengamos venhamos
veniez veniate vengáis venhais
viennent vengano vengan venham
         
Imperfect Subjunctive vinsse venissi viniera viesse
(rare in French speech) vinsses venissi vinieras viesses
(alternative Spanish below) vînt venisse viniera viesse
  vinssions venissimo viniéramos viéssemos
  vinssiez veniste vinierais viésseis
  vinssent venissero vinieran viessem
         
Future Subjunctive     viniere vier
(rare in Spanish speech)     vinieres vieres
(no French or Italian)     viniere vier
      viniéremos viermos
      viniereis vierdes
      vinieren vierem
         
Affirmative Imperative
Singular familiar you viens vieni ven vem
Singular formal you venez venga venga venha
Let's... venons veniamo vengamos vehamos
Plural familiar you venez venite venid vinde
Plural formal you venez vengano vengan venham
 
Negative Imperative
Singular familiar you ne viens pas non venire no vengas não venhas
Singular formal you ne venez pas non venga no venga não venha
Let's not... ne venons pas non veniamo no vengamos não venhamos
Plural familiar you ne venez pas non venite no vengáis não venhais
Plural formal you ne venez pas non vengano no vengan não venham
         
Gerund venant venendo viniendo vindo
Present Participle venant venente viniendo vindo
Past Participle venu venuto venido vindo
         
Auxiliary verb in perfect tenses être essere haber ter

 

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

viniera / viniese
vinieras / vinieses
viniera / viniese
viniéramos / viniésemos
vinierais / vinieseis
vinieran / viniesen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)

viera
vieras
viera
viéramos
viéreis
vieram

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.

vir
vires
vir
virmos
virdes
virem

 


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