Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Be able to / Can (pouvoir / potere / poder / poder)

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English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to be able to / can pouvoir potere poder poder
         
Present peux / puis posso puedo posso
peux puoi puedes podes
peut può puede pode
pouvons possiamo podemos podemos
pouvez potete podéis podeis
peuvent possono pueden podem
         
Imperfect pouvais potevo podía podia
pouvais potevi podías podias
pouvait poteva podía podia
pouvions potevamo podíamos podíamos
pouviez potevate podíais podíeis
pouvaient potevano podían podiam
         
Preterite / Simple Past pus potei / potetti pude pude
(rare in French or Italian speech) pus potesti pudiste pudeste
put poté / potette pudo pôde
pûmes potemmo pudimos pudemos
pûtes poteste pudisteis pudestes
purent poterono / potettero pudieron puderam
         
Future pourrai potrò podré poderei
pourras potrai podrás poderás
pourra potrà podrá poderemos
pourrons potremo podremos podereis
pourrez potrete podréis poderão
pourront potranno podrán  
         
Conditional pourrais potrei podría poderia
pourrais potresti podrías poderias
pourrait potrebbe podría poderia
pourrions potremmo podríamos poderíamos
pourriez potreste podríais poderíais
pourraient potrebbero podrían poderiam
         
Present Subjunctive puisse possa pueda possa
puisses possa puedas possas
puisse possa pueda possa
puissions possiamo podamos possamos
puissiez possiate podáis possais
puissent possano puedan possam
         
Imperfect Subjunctive pusse potessi pudiera pudesse
(rare in French speech) pusses potessi pudieras pudesses
(alternative Spanish below) pût potesse pudiera pudesse
  pussions potessimo pudiéramos pudéssemos
  pussiez poteste pudierais pudésseis
  pussent potessero pudieran pudessem
         
Future Subjunctive     pudiere puder
(rare in Spanish speech)     pudieres puderes
(no French or Italian)     pudiere puder
    pudiéremos pudermos
    pudiereis puderdes
    pudieren puderem
         
Gerund pouvant potendo podiendo podendo
Present Participle pouvant potente podiendo podendo
Past Participle pu potuto podido podido
         
Auxiliary verb in perfect tenses avoir avere haber ter

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

pudiera / pudiese
pudieras / pudieses
pudiera / pudiese
pudiéramos / pudiésemos
pudierais / pudieseis
pudieran / pudiesen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)

pudera
puderas
pudera
pudéramos
pudéreis
puderam

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.

poder
poderes
poder
podermos
poderdes
poderem

 


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