Brazilian Portuguese: Basic Portuguese Phrases, Vocabulary and Grammar

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written by Olavo Germano de Sousa Neto. Thanks to Olava and the volunteers at Rhinospike for the recordings. If you are interested in learning Portuguese through your knowledge of Spanish, check out From Spanish to Portuguese.

This tutorial is for Brazilian Portuguese, so if you can speak Portuguese from Portugal, you may notice many differences, but don't worry! We can all understand each other. The only difference is the accent and some words that will be listed soon. It's like the difference between English spoken in England and English spoken in the USA.

Need more Portuguese? Try the Portuguese courses at Udemy, the audio and video lessons at Portuguesepod101.com, and the Portuguese Interlinear book (with English translations below the Portuguese text)
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1. Basic Portuguese Phrases

 

If you'd like to study these phrases (and their pronunciations) individually, please go to Basic Portuguese Phrases.

Hello! / Good morning! Bom dia! 
Good afternoon! Boa tarde! 
Good evening! / Good night! Boa noite! 
Hi! / Bye! Oi/Olá! Tchau!
Good bye. Adeus. 
Please. Por favor. 
See you / See you later. Até mais.
See you later. Até logo. 
See you tomorrow. Até amanhã.
Thank you (very much). (Muito) Obrigado. (if a man is speaking)
(Muito) Obrigada. (if a woman is speaking)
You're welcome. / Don't mention it. Não há de quê.
Welcome Bem-vindo
I'm sorry Desculpe-me
Excuse me / Pardon Com licença / Perdão.
Let's go! Vamos!
How are you? (formal; male) Como o senhor está?
How are you? (informal) Como vai? 
How's it going? (Only in Brazil) E aí? 
Well / Very well Bem / Muito bem
Bad / Very bad / More or less Mal / Muito mal / Mais ou menos 
Yes / No Sim / Não
What is your name? (formal; male) Como o senhor se chama?
What is your name? (informal) Qual é o seu nome? 
My name is... Me chamo... 
Nice to meet you. Prazer em conhecê-lo
Same here. Igualmente. 
Mister / Mrs. / Miss Senhor / Senhora / Senhorita
Where are you from? (formal; male) De onde o senhor é? 
Where are you from? (informal) De onde você é? 
I'm from... Eu sou de... 
How old are you? (formal) Quantos anos o senhor tem?
How old are you? (informal) Quantos anos você tem?
I am _____ years old. Eu tenho _____ anos. 
Do you speak Portuguese? (formal) O senhor fala português?
Do you speak English? (informal) Você fala inglês?
I (don't) speak... (Não) Falo...
Do you understand? Compreende? / Entende? 
I (don't) understand. (Não) Compreendo. / (Não) Entendo.
I (don't) know. Eu (não) sei.
Can you help me? Pode me ajudar?
Of course Claro que sim
What? Pardon me? Como?
Where is ... / Where are ... ? Onde está / Onde estão... ?
Here. Aqui
There is / are... / There was / were... Há / Havia...
How do you say ___ in Portuguese? Como se diz ____ em português?
What is that? O que é isto?
What's the matter (with you)? Qual é o problema?
It doesn't matter. Não importa.
What's happening? O que aconteceu?
I have no idea. Não tenho idéia.
I'm tired / sick. Estou cansado / doente.
I'm hungry / thirsty. Estou com fome / sêde.
I'm hot / cold. Estou com calor / frio.
I'm bored. Estou chateado.
I don't care. Não me importa.
Don't worry Não se preocupe.
That's alright. Tudo bem / 'Tá bom.
I forgot. Me esqueci.
I must go now. Tenho que ir agora.
Bless you! Saúde!
Congratulations! Parabéns!
Good luck! Boa sorte!
It's your turn. (informal) É a sua vez.
Shut up! Cale-se! / Cala a boca!
I love you. (informal and singular) Eu te amo. 


Notice that Portuguese has informal and formal ways of saying things. This is because there is more than one meaning to "you" in Portuguese (as well as in many other languages.) The informal you is used when talking to close friends, relatives, animals or children. The formal you is used when talking to someone who is older than you or someone for whom you would like to show respect (a professor, for example.) There are also two ways to say you in the plural, used when speaking to more than one person.

All adjectives in Portuguese have masculine and feminine forms. In general, the masculine form ends in -o and the feminine form ends in -a.


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