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19. Portuguese Plural Nouns
There are four main ways to form plural nouns in Portuguese:
1. Words that end in -l : drop the l and put -is if the word does not have an i before the l. If it has an e you change it to é to make the same sound.
pastel (pastry) - pastéis
2. Words that end in -ão : it has no rule. Sometimes you change it to -ões or -ães, or just add -s, depending on the word. It's better to memorize the plural when you learn the word.
coração (heart) - corações
mão (hand) - mãos
cão (dog) - cães
3. Words that end in -s or -z : have no plural form, so the singular and plural are the same.
4. All other words : just add an -s.
pêra (pear) - pêras
maçã (apple) - maçãs
guaraná (soda) - guaranás
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